Kanji (漢字; listen) are the adopted logographic Chinese characters (hanzi) that are used in the modern Japanese writing system along with hiragana (ひらがな, 平仮名), katakana (カタカナ, 片仮名), Hindu numerals, and the occasional use of the Latin alphabet. The Japanese term kanji (漢字) for the Chinese characters literally means "Han characters" and is the same written term in the Chinese language to refer to the character writing system hanzi (simplified Chinese: 汉字; traditional Chinese: 漢字).

Japanese writing



  • Hiragana
  • Katakana
  • Hentaigana
  • Man'yōgana
  • Sogana


  • Furigana
  • Okurigana



  • Hepburn (colloquial)
  • Kunrei (ISO)
  • Nihon (ISO translit.)
  • JSL (transliteration)
  • Wāpuro (keyboard)


Type Logographic
Languages Old Japanese, Japanese
Parent systems Oracle Bone Script
  • Seal Script
    • Clerical Script
      • Kaishu
        • Kanji
Sister systems Hanja, Zhuyin, Simplified Chinese, Chu Nom, Khitan script, Jurchen script
ISO 15924 Hani, 500
Direction Left-to-right
Unicode alias Han
Note: This page may contain IPA phonetic symbols.
Chinese characters
  • Precursors
  • Oracle bone script
  • Bronze script
  • Seal script
    • large
    • small
  • Clerical script
  • Cursive script
  • Regular script
  • Semi-cursive script
Type styles
  • Imitation Song
  • Ming
  • Sans-serif
  • Strokes
  • Stroke order
  • Radicals
  • Classification
  • Section headers
Standards on character forms
  • Kangxi Dictionary form
  • Xin Zixing
  • Commonly Used Characters
  • Standard Form of National Characters
  • List of Forms of Frequently Used Characters
Standards on grapheme usage
  • Graphemic variants
  • Hanyu Tongyong Zi
  • Hanyu Changyong Zi
  • Tōyō kanji
  • Jōyō kanji
  • Chinese
    • traditional
    • simplified
    • simplified, 2nd round
    • debate
  • Japanese
    • old
    • new
    • Ryakuji
  • Korean
    • Yakja
  • Singaporean
    • jiăntǐzì biǎo
Sinoxenic usage
  • Kanji
  • Hanja
  • Hán tự
  • Literary and colloquial readings
  • Kokuji
  • Korean hanja
  • Chữ Nôm
  • Zetian characters
  • Nü Shu
  • Idu
  • Kana (Man'yōgana)
  • Bopomofo
  • Sawndip
  • Khitan large script
  • Khitan small script
  • Jurchen
  • Tangut

Read more about Kanji:  History, Local Developments and Divergences From Chinese, Readings, Total Number of Kanji, Orthographic Reform and Lists of Kanji, Types of Kanji: By Category, Related Symbols, Radical-and-stroke Sorting, Kanji Education

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