JIS X 0208

JIS X 0208 is a 2-byte character set specified as a Japanese Industrial Standard, containing 6879 graphic characters suitable for writing text, place names, personal names, and so forth in the Japanese language. The official title of the current standard is 7-bit and 8-bit double byte coded KANJI sets for information interchange (7ビット及び8ビットの2バイト情報交換用符号化漢字集合, Nana-Bitto Oyobi Hachi-Bitto no Ni-Baito Jōhō Kōkan'yō Fugōka Kanji Shūgō?). It was originally established as JIS C 6226 in 1978, and has been revised in 1983, 1990, and 1997.

Read more about JIS X 0208:  Scope of Use and Compatibility, Code Structure, History, Implementations

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JIS X 0208 - Relation To Other Standards - ISO/IEC 10646 and Unicode
... The kanji set of JIS X 0208 is among the original source standards for the Han unification in ISO/IEC 10646 (UCS) and Unicode ... Every kanji in JIS X 0208 corresponds to its own code point in UCS/Unicode’s Basic Multilingual Plane (BMP) ... The non-kanji in JIS X 0208 also correspond to their own code points in the BMP ...