Ivan Bagramyan

Ivan Bagramyan


  • (Russian) Part I Так начиналась война (This is How the War Began). Moscow, 1971.
  • (Russian) Part II Так шли мы к Победе (Thus We Went to Victory), Moscow, 1977.

Ivan Khristoforovich Bagramyan (Russian: Ива́н Христофо́рович Баграмя́н), also known as Hovhannes Khachaturi Baghramyan (Armenian: Հովհաննես Խաչատուրի (alternatively, Քրիստափորի, Kristapori) Բաղրամյան; Russian: Оване́с Хачату́рович Баграмя́н; 2 December 1897 – 21 September 1982), was a Soviet Armenian military commander and Marshal of the Soviet Union. During World War II, Bagramyan was the first non-Slavic military officer to become a commander of a Front. He was among several Armenians in the Soviet Army who held the highest proportion of high-ranking officers in the Soviet military during the war.

Bagramyan's experience in military planning as a chief of staff allowed him to distinguish himself as a capable commander in the early stages of the Soviet counter-offensives against Nazi Germany. He was given his first command of a unit in 1942, and in November 1943 received his most prestigious command as the commander of the 1st Baltic Front. As commander of the Baltic Front, he participated in the offensives which pushed German forces out of the Baltic republics.

He did not immediately join the Communist Party after the consolidation of the October Revolution, becoming a member only in 1941, a move atypical for a Soviet military officer. After the war, he served as a deputy member of the Supreme Soviets of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic and Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic and was a regular attendee of the Party Congresses. In 1952, he became a candidate for entry into the Central Committee and, in 1961, was inducted as a full member. For his contributions during the war, he was widely regarded as a national hero in the Soviet Union, and continues to hold such esteemed status among Armenians.

Read more about Ivan BagramyanEarly Life, World War I, Interwar Years, Career After World War II, Honours and Awards

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Ivan Bagramyan - Honours and Awards
... of friendship in arms" (Czechoslovakia) Bagramyan's awards have been deposited in the Museum of the Armed Forces ...