Iran-Iraq War

Iran-Iraq War

IranIraq War

Iraqi invasion

  • Kaman 99
  • 1st Khorramshahr
  • Scorch Sword
  • Abadan
  • Morvarid

Stalemate (1981)

  • Dezful
  • H3

Iranian offensive (1982)

  • Samen-ol-A'emeh
  • Jerusalem Way
  • Undeniable Victory
  • 2nd Khorramshahr
  • Jerusalem
  • Ramadan

Strategic stalemate (1983-1984)

  • Before the Dawn
  • Dawn 1
  • Dawn 2
  • Dawn 3
  • Dawn 4
  • Dawn 5
  • Kheibar
  • Dawn 6
  • Marshes
  • Badr

Duel offensives (1985-1986)

  • Al-Anfal Campaign (Halabja)
  • Dawn 8 (1st al-Faw)
  • Mehran
  • Karbala 4
  • Karbala-5
  • Karbala-6
  • Karbala Ten
  • Nasr 4

Final stages

  • Beit-ol-Moqaddas 2
  • Zafar 7
  • Tawakalna ala Allah (2nd al-Faw)
  • Forty Stars
  • Mersad

Tanker War

  • Earnest Will
  • Prime Chance
  • Eager Glacier
  • Nimble Archer
  • Praying Mantis

International incidents

  • Operation Opera
  • USS Stark incident
  • Iran Air Flight 655 incident
Persian Gulf Wars
  • Iran-Iraq War (Tanker War)
  • Gulf War
  • 1991 uprisings
  • Iraqi no-fly zones conflict
  • Iraq War

The Iran–Iraq War, also known as the First Persian Gulf War, was an armed conflict between Iran and Ba'athist Iraq lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century's longest conventional war after the Second Sino-Japanese War. It was initially referred to in English as the "Persian Gulf War" prior to the Persian Gulf War of the early 1990s.

The Iran–Iraq War began when Iraq invaded Iran via simultaneous invasions by air and land on 22 September 1980. It followed a long history of border disputes, and was motivated by fears that the Iranian Revolution in 1979 would inspire insurgency among Iraq's long-suppressed Shia majority as well as Iraq's desire to replace Iran as the dominant Persian Gulf state. Although Iraq hoped to take advantage of Iran's revolutionary chaos and attacked without formal warning, they made only limited progress into Iran and were quickly repelled; Iran regained virtually all lost territory by June 1982. For the next six years, Iran was on the offensive.

Despite calls for a ceasefire by the United Nations Security Council, hostilities continued until 20 August 1988. The war finally ended with Resolution 598, a U.N.-brokered ceasefire which was accepted by both sides. At the war's conclusion, it took several weeks for Iranian armed forces to evacuate Iraqi territory to honour pre-war international borders set by the 1975 Algiers Agreement. The last prisoners of war were exchanged in 2003.

The war cost both sides in lives and economic damage: half a million Iraqi and Iranian soldiers, as well as civilians, are believed to have died, with many more injured; however, the war brought neither reparations nor changes in borders. The conflict has been compared to World War I in terms of the tactics used, including large-scale trench warfare with barbed wire stretched across trenches, manned machine-gun posts, bayonet charges, human wave attacks across a no-man's land, and extensive use of chemical weapons such as mustard gas by the Iraqi government against Iranian troops, civilians, and Iraqi Kurds. At the time of the conflict, the U.N. Security Council issued statements that "chemical weapons had been used in the war." However, due to various outside pressures, the statements never clarified that only Iraq was using chemical weapons, and retrospective authors have claimed, "The international community remained silent as Iraq used weapons of mass destruction against Iranian as well as Iraqi Kurds."

Read more about Iran-Iraq War:  Terminology, Geographic Analysis, Aftermath, Comparison of Iraqi and Iranian Military Strength, Foreign Support To Iraq and Iran, Use of Chemical Weapons By Iraq, Dissimilarities From Other Conflicts, Arguments That Iran Was The Aggressor, Leaked Iraqi Intelligence Documents

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