Ipuwer Papyrus

The Ipuwer Papyrus is a single papyrus holding an ancient Egyptian poem, called The Admonitions of Ipuwer or The Dialogue of Ipuwer and the Lord of All. Its official designation is Papyrus Leiden I 344 recto. It is housed in the Dutch National Museum of Antiquities in Leiden, Netherlands, after being purchased from Giovanni Anastasi, the Swedish consul to Egypt, in 1828. The sole surviving manuscript dates to the later 13th century BCE (no earlier than the 19th dynasty in the New Kingdom).

The Ipuwer Papyrus describes Egypt as afflicted by natural disasters and in a state of chaos, a topsy-turvy world where the poor have become rich, and the rich poor, and warfare, famine and death are everywhere. One symptom of this collapse of order is the lament that servants are leaving their servitude and acting rebelliously.

Read more about Ipuwer PapyrusParallels With The Book of Exodus

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Ipuwer Papyrus - Parallels With The Book of Exodus
... The association of the Ipuwer Papyrus with the Exodus as describing the same event is generally rejected by Egyptologists ... Roland Enmarch, author of a new translation of the papyrus, notes "The broadest modern reception of Ipuwer amongst non-Egyptological readers has probably been as a result of the use of ... striking statement that ‘the river is blood and one drinks from it’ (Ipuwer 2.10), and the frequent references to servants abandoning their subordinate ...

Famous quotes containing the word papyrus:

    When she could hide him no longer she got a papyrus basket for him, and plastered it with bitumen and pitch; she put the child in it and placed it among the reeds on the bank of the river.
    Bible: Hebrew, Exodus 2:3.