Innings

An inning, or innings, is a fixed-length segment of a game in any of a variety of sports – most notably cricket and baseball during which one team attempts to score while the other team attempts to prevent the first from scoring. In cricket, the term innings is both singular and plural and is always spelled and pronounced with the terminal "s". In baseball and softball, the singular form is inning and only the plural takes an "s".

In many other sports, the length of the game is dictated by a clock and teams swap offensive and defensive roles dynamically by taking possession of a ball or similar item. In baseball and cricket, however, one team, said to be "batting", attempts to score "runs"—see run (baseball) and run (cricket)—while the other team, said to be "fielding", attempts to prevent the scoring of runs and get members of the batting team out. The teams switch places after the fielding team has succeeded in getting a fixed number of players out, making a clock unnecessary.

In cricket, the term innings is also used to refer to the play of one particular player (Smith had a poor innings, scoring only 12). By extension, this term can be used in British English for almost any activity which takes a period of time (The Liberal government had a good innings, but finally lost office in 1972, or You've had a fair innings, now it's my turn, meaning "you have spoken for long enough, now let me speak"). It is also used in reference to someone who has died at a reasonably old age or lived a rich and rewarding life (Ah, well. John was 89. At least he had a good innings). The baseball-derived parallel to this in American English is the term at bat.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term innings has been used in reference to cricket since at least 1735. As cricket was a mature, highly organized sport in the 1600s in England, the term's origin could well precede this first recorded usage. The word inning meaning 'a gathering in' is first recorded in 1522, and could be related.

Read more about Innings:  Cricket, Baseball

Other articles related to "innings, inning":

Norman Gifford - Early Career
... Gifford took four wickets in Kent's first innings, but Worcestershire collapsed to their second-lowest ever score of 25 all out on their way to an innings ... University Gifford took ten wickets in the match, including second-innings analysis of 15.5-7-18-6 ...
Innings Pitched
... In baseball, innings pitched (IP) are the number of innings a pitcher has completed, measured by the number of batters and base runners that are put out while the pitcher on the pitching mound ... Three outs made is equal to one inning pitched ... One out counts as one-third of an inning, and two outs counts as two-thirds of an inning ...
I. L. Bula - Second New Zealand Tour
... down to the wire as Otago eked out a two-wicket win despite a second-innings five-for from Fenn, but it was a personal disappointment for Bula, who only managed 5 and 26 in his two innings ... sixes and five fours, as Fiji plundered 344 from 65.3 overs in the second innings to set Canterbury a challenging 217 – which they managed for the loss of eight wickets ... However, a two-innings game was still played, as the first three innings were all declared closed ...
Innings - Baseball
... An inning in baseball or softball consists of two halves, where a single half is sometimes called a frame ... Each half-inning formally starts when the umpire calls "Play ball!" (note that in Major League Baseball, the umpire is only required to call "Play") ... A full inning consists of six outs, three for each team and a regulation game consists of nine innings ...
Fred Bakewell
... methods, which allowed him to play some of the most brilliant innings in county cricket, despite the fact that his county, Northamptonshire, was exceptionally weak throughout his career he was always the ... the following year, Bakewell was seen as the best young prospect open the England innings with the incomparable Herbert Sutcliffe ... in successive matches breaking the record for Northamptonshire's highest innings, and doing so in spectacular style with seemingly impossible strokes ...