Initial

In a written or published work, an initial is a letter at the beginning of a work, a chapter, or a paragraph that is larger than the rest of the text. The word is derived from the Latin initialis, which means standing at the beginning. An initial often is several lines in height and in older books or manuscripts, sometimes ornately decorated.

In illuminated manuscripts, initials with images inside them, such as those illustrated here, are known as historiated initials. They were an invention of the Insular art of the British Isles in the eighth century. Initials containing, typically, plant-form spirals with small figures of animals or humans that do not represent a specific person or scene are known as "inhabited" initials. Certain important initials, such as the B of Beatus vir ... at the opening of Psalm 1 at the start of a vulgate Latin psalter, could occupy a whole page of a manuscript.

These specific initials, in an illuminated manuscript, also were called Initiums.

Read more about InitialBrief History of The Initial, Types of Initials

Other articles related to "initial, initials":

Types of Initials
... The initials are morphologically classified the rubricated letter (red) the epigraphic letter, imitating ancient Roman majuscules the figurated ... The initial may sit on the same baseline as the first line of text, at the same margin, as it does here ... An example follows Alternatively, the initial may be in the left margin, with the text indented, as shown here ...
Initial D (disambiguation)
... Initial D is a manga by Shuichi Shigeno which has been adapted into a long-running anime series ... Initial D may also refer to Initial D (film) Initial D Arcade Stage, a racing game series developed by Sega Rosso based on the Initial D series ...
Consonant Mutation
... A prototypical example of consonant mutation is the initial consonant mutation of all modern Celtic languages ... Initial consonant mutation is also found in Indonesian or Malay, in Southern Paiute and in several West African languages such as Fula ... Mutation of initial, medial, and final consonants is found in Modern Hebrew ...
Individual Monograms
... A traditional 3-letter monogram has the initial of the individual's last name (surname) set larger, or with some special treatment in the center ... Jones is the surname, then the arrangement of letters would be thus MJA, with the surname initial set larger in the center, the M for Mary to the left and the A for ... Married or engaged couples may use two-letter monograms of their entwined initials, for example on wedding invitations ...
Personal Injury Protection - States With Mandatory PIP Coverage
... Hawaii Kansas Kentucky Maryland (unless a waiver is signed at initial purchase of the policy) Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota New Jersey New York North Dakota Oregon Pennsylvania Texas (unless a ...

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