The Ilyushin Il-62 (NATO reporting name Classic) is a Soviet long-range jet airliner conceived in 1960 by Ilyushin. As successor to the popular turbo-prop Il-18 and with capacity for almost 200 passengers, the Il-62 was the largest jet airliner when it first flew in 1963. It entered Aeroflot service on 15 September 1967 with an inaugural passenger flight from Moscow to Montreal. One of four pioneering designs (the others being Boeing 707, DC-8, and VC10), the Il-62 was the first such type to be operated by the Soviet Union and a number of other nations, becoming the standard long-range airliner for several decades. It was the first Russian pressurised aircraft with non-circular cross-section fuselage and ergonomic passenger doors, and the first Russian jet with six-abreast seating (the turbo-prop Tu-114 shared this arrangement) and international-standard navigation lights.
Over 30 nations operated the Il-62 with more than 80 being exported and others leased by Russian-sphere and Western airlines. Special VIP (salon) and other conversions were also developed. The Il-62M became the longest-lasting model in its class with some being in civilian service for three decades. Expensive to operate compared to new generation airliners, the number in use was reduced after the 2008 recession. The Il-62's successors include the wide-bodied Il-86 and Il-96, both of which were made in smaller numbers and not widely exported.
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... General characteristics Crew 3 ... to 5 (a captain, a first officer, and a flight engineer, plus optionally a navigator and a radio officer on long overwater and/or VIP services to operator specification) plus a four to eight-person cabin crew to operator specifications Capacity 168-186 passengers Length 53.12 m (174 ft 3½ in) Wingspan 43.20 m (141 ft 9 in) Height 12.35 m (40 ft 6¼ in) Wing area 279.55 m² (3,009 sq ft) Empty weight 71,600 kg (157,848 lb) Max ... takeoff weight 165,000 kg (363,760 lb) Powerplant 4 × Soloviev D-30KU turbofans, 107.9 kN (24,250 lbf) each Fuel 105,300 L (27,817 US Gallons) Performance Maximum speed 900 km/h (486 knots, 560 mph) Range 10,000 km (5,400 nmi, 6,215 mi) with 10,000 kg (22,000 lb) payload Service ceiling 12,000 m (39,400 ft) (maximum cruising height) Rate of climb 18 m/s (3,540 ft/min) (Il-62) ...