House Sparrow

The House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) is a bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in most parts of the world. A small bird, it has a typical length of 16 cm (6.3 in) and a weight of 24–39.5 g (0.85–1.39 oz). Females and young birds are coloured pale brown and grey, and males have brighter black, white, and brown markings. One of about 25 species in the genus Passer, the House Sparrow occurs naturally in most of Europe, the Mediterranean region, and much of Asia. Its intentional or accidental introductions to many regions, including parts of Australia, Africa, and the Americas, make it the most widely distributed wild bird.

The House Sparrow is strongly associated with human habitations, and can live in urban or rural settings. Though found in widely varied habitats and climates, it typically avoids extensive woodlands, grasslands, and deserts away from human development. It feeds mostly on the seeds of grains and weeds, but it is an opportunistic eater and commonly eats insects and many other foods. Its predators include domestic cats, hawks, owls, and many other predatory birds and mammals.

Because of its numbers, ubiquity and association with human settlements, the sparrow is culturally prominent. It is extensively, and usually unsuccessfully, persecuted as an agricultural pest, but it has also often been kept as a pet as well as being a food item and a symbol of lust and sexual potency, as well as of commonness and vulgarity. Though it is widespread and abundant, its numbers have declined in some areas. The animal's conservation status is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Read more about House SparrowDescription, Distribution and Habitat, Behaviour, Survival, Relationships With Humans

Other articles related to "sparrow, house sparrow, sparrows, house sparrows":

Italian Sparrow - Distribution and Habitat
... The Italian Sparrow is found in northern and central Italy, Corsica, and small parts of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia ... zone about 20–30 km (12–20 mi) wide with House Sparrow ... In southern Italy, there is a gradual clinal trend with the Spanish Sparrow, with birds increasing in their similarity to the Spanish Sparrow in appearance and ecology ...
Russet Sparrow - Description
... The Russet Sparrow is a small chunky bird, with plumage warm rufous in overall colour ... It is a medium-sized sparrow at 14–15 cm (5.5–5.9 in) and 18 to 22.5 grams (0.63–0.79 oz) ... Measurements for the Russet Sparrow vary geographically, between the three subspecies, and also within the Himalayan subspecies cinnamomeus ...
Sparow - Relationships With Humans
... Sparrows may be the most familiar of all wild birds ... Many sparrow species commonly live in agricultural areas, and for several human settlements are a primary habitat ... The Eurasian Tree and House Sparrows are particularly specialised in living around humans and inhabit cities in large numbers ...
Italian Sparrow
... The Italian Sparrow (Passer italiae), also known as the Cisalpine Sparrow, is a passerine bird of the sparrow family Passeridae, found in Italy and other parts of the Mediterranean region ... In appearance, it is intermediate between the House Sparrow, and the Spanish Sparrow, a species of the Mediterranean and Central Asia closely related to the House Sparrow ... The Italian Sparrow occurs in northern Italy and neighbouring regions, with intermediates with the House Sparrow in a very narrow contact zone in the Alps, a slow gradation in appearance from ...
House Sparrow - Relationships With Humans - Cultural Associations
... To many people across the world, the House Sparrow is the most familiar wild animal and, because of its association with humans and familiarity, it is frequently used to represent the common and ... One of the reasons for the introduction of House Sparrows throughout the world was their association with the European homeland of many immigrants ... Birds usually described later as sparrows are referred to in many works of ancient literature and religious texts in Europe and western Asia ...

Famous quotes containing the words sparrow and/or house:

    Nature herself has not provided the most graceful end for her creatures. What becomes of all these birds that people the air and forest for our solacement? The sparrow seems always chipper, never infirm. We do not see their bodies lie about. Yet there is a tragedy at the end of each one of their lives. They must perish miserably; not one of them is translated. True, “not a sparrow falleth to the ground without our Heavenly Father’s knowledge,” but they do fall, nevertheless.
    Henry David Thoreau (1817–1862)

    I was a closet pacifier advocate. So were most of my friends. Unknown to our mothers, we owned thirty or forty of those little suckers that were placed strategically around the house so a cry could be silenced in less than thirty seconds. Even though bottles were boiled, rooms disinfected, and germs fought one on one, no one seemed to care where the pacifier had been.
    Erma Bombeck (20th century)