Home Rule

Home rule is the power of a constituent part (administrative division) of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been deputed to it by the central government.

In the United Kingdom, it has traditionally referred to self-government, or devolution or Independence, of constituent nations (namely Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and at one point Ireland. In the United States and other countries organized as federations of states, the term usually refers to the process and mechanisms of self-government as exercised by municipalities, counties, or other units of local government at the level below that of a federal state (e.g., U.S. state, in which context see special legislation). It can also refer to the similar system under which Greenland and the Faroe Islands are associated with Denmark.

During the British Empire, there were vigorous demands for home rule by activists in India.

Home rule is not, however, comparable with federalism. Whereas states in a federal system of government (e.g., Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, Brazil and the United States of America) have a guaranteed constitutional existence, a devolved home rule system of government is created by ordinary legislation and can be reformed, or even abolished, by repeal or amendment of that ordinary legislation.

A state legislature may, for example, create home rule for a county or parish (or its townships), so that a county commission or board of supervisors may have jurisdiction over its unincorporated areas, including important issues like zoning. (Without this, a U.S. county is simply an extension of state government.) The legislature can also establish or eliminate municipal corporations, which have home rule within town or city limits through the city council. The state government could also abolish counties/townships, or their governments, according to the state constitution and state laws.

Read more about Home RuleIrish Home Rule, Indian Home Rule, Scottish Home Rule, Greenland Home Rule

Other articles related to "home, home rule":

List Of United Kingdom By-elections (1868–1885) - By-elections - 22nd Parliament (1880–1885)
1 July 1885 Richard Assheton Cross Conservative Richard Assheton Cross Conservative Home Secretary East Gloucestershire 1 July 1885 Sir Michael Hicks-Beach Conservative Sir Michael Hicks-Beach ... Death New Ross 31 January 1881 Joseph William Foley Home Rule John Edward Redmond Home Rule Resignation Edinburgh 27 January 1881 Duncan McLaren Liberal John McLaren Liberal ...
Clifford Cory - Politics - Irish Home Rule
... Unionist, opponents of the traditional Liberal policy of Irish Home Rule ... against the government in 1911 supporting an amendment which would have excluded any Home Rule Bill from the operation of the Parliament Bill ... only Liberal MP to vote against the government in the first reading of the Home Rule Bill ...
Greenland Home Rule
... Greenland is a self-governing Danish province ... Home rule was granted by Danish parliament in 1979 ...
Sagnasty - Government
... Saginaw is classified as a Home Rule City under the Michigan Home Rule Cities Act which permits cities to exercise "Home Rule" powers, among which is the power to frame and adopt its own City Charter ...
Municipal Home Rule
... Municipal home rule originated in the United States during the Progressive Era of the early twentieth century ... It enables voters to adopt a home rule charter that acts as the city's basic governing document over local issues however, state law continues to prevail over statewide concerns ... The goal of municipal home rule is to facilitate local control and minimize state intervention into municipal affairs ...

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