A hill fort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Some were used in the post-Roman period. The fortification usually follows the contours of a hill, consisting of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches. Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were in use in many Celtic areas of central and western Europe until the Roman conquest.
Other articles related to "hill fort, fort, hill, hill forts, hills, forts":
... Chesters Hill Fort is an Iron Age hill fort in East Lothian, Scotland ... describe it as "one of the best-preserved examples in Scotland of an Iron age fort" ...
... Beeston Castle, Bradley hill fort, Burton Point Castle Ditch, Delamere Eddisbury hill fort Helsby hill fort Kelsborrow Castle Maiden Castle Oakmere ...
... Bodbury Ring Hill Fort, a hill fort above Cardingmill Valley, and sits on the top of Bodbury Hill at 380 m (1,250 ft) ... Another hill fort nearby sits on the summit of Caer Caradoc ...
... place names, as those containing an evolution of the Celtic element brigs meaning "hill" and characteristically ligated to old hill-forts (Tragove, O Grove < Ogrobre, Canzobre ... > BERISAMO would stand for Cailios son of Cadroyolo, a Cilenian, from the hill-fort named Berisamos ... ALBIONUM Nicer son of Clutosius, from (the hill-fort known as) Cariaca, prince of the Albions ...
... In Scandinavia and northern Russia, hill forts are fortifications from the Iron Age which may have had several functions ... They are usually located on the crests of hills and mountains making use of precipices and marshes which worked as natural defences ... Round and closed, so called, ring forts are common even on flat ground ...
Famous quotes containing the words fort and/or hill:
“Why, even when I was innocent her hatred of me hurt a good deal. Now that Im guilty, her belief in me would hurt even more.”
—Garrett Fort (19001945)
“John Anderson my jo, John,
We clamb the hill the gither;
And mony a canty day, John,
Weve had wi ane anither:
Now we maun totter down, John,
And hand in hand well go;
And sleep the gither at the foot,
John Anderson my Jo.”
—Robert Burns (17591796)