A Herd refers to a social grouping of certain animals of the same species, either wild or domestic, and also to the form of collective animal behavior associated with this (referred to as herding) or as a verb, to herd, to its control by another species such as humans or dogs.
The term herd is generally applied to mammals, and most particularly to the grazing ungulates that classically display this behaviour. Different terms are used for similar groupings in other species; in the case of birds, for example, the word is flocking, but flock may also be used, in certain instances, for mammals, particularly sheep or goats. A group of quail is often referred to as a covey. Large groups of carnivores are usually called packs, and in nature a herd is classically subject to predation from pack hunters.
Special collective nouns may be used for particular taxa (for example a flock of geese, if not in flight, is sometimes called a gaggle) but for theoretical discussions of behavioural ecology, the generic term herd can be used for all such kinds of assemblage.
The word herd, as a noun, can also refer to one who controls, possesses and has care for such groups of animals when they are domesticated. Examples of herds in this sense include shepherds (who tend to sheep), goatherds (who tend to goats), cowherds (who tend cattle), and others.
Other articles related to "herd, herds":
... In addition to the draft horses, the ranch was home to a small herd of white-faced cattle ... Witwer continued to purchase Hereford cattle from ranches back East until the herd was 1,500 head ... In order to promote strong healthy cattle with desirable traits, the herd was registered and began breeding operations ...
... off a horse, a horse shaking itself, a lightning strike, a tumbleweed blown into the herd, or "a horse running through a herd kicking at a saddle which has turned under its belly" have been known to cause stampedes ... Tactics used to make the herd turn into itself include firing a pistol, which creates noise to make the leaders of the stampede turn ... the risk of stampedes, cowboys sometimes sing or whistle to calm the herds disquieted by nightfall ...
... The term herd is also applied metaphorically to human beings in social psychology, with the concept of herd behaviour ... choose to invest or speculate counter to the "herd" ...
... The Marshall Thundering Herd baseball team represents the Marshall University in NCAA Division I college baseball and competes in Conference USA ... The current head coach of the Herd is Jeff Waggoner ...
... The Lamar Buffalo Ranch was created to preserve one of the last free-roaming bison (buffalo) herds in the United States ... The herd was maintained as a semi-domesticated source of additional bison the enhance the park's natural herd ... As the ranched herd increased in size, it was released to the open range and it interbred with the wild herd ...
Famous quotes containing the word herd:
“Whoever regards human beings as a herd and flees them as swiftly as he can will no doubt be overtaken by them and impaled on their horns.”
—Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900)
“The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,
The lowing herd wind slowly oer the lea,
The plowman homeward plods his weary way,
And leaves the world to darkness and to me.”
—Thomas Gray (17161771)
“The elephant, not only the largest but the most intelligent of animals, provides us with an excellent example. It is faithful and tenderly loving to the female of its choice, mating only every third year and then for no more than five days, and so secretly as never to be seen, until, on the sixth day, it appears and goes at once to wash its whole body in the river, unwilling to return to the herd until thus purified. Such good and modest habits are an example to husband and wife.”
—St. Francis De Sales (15671622)