Guyenne

Guyenne ( /ɡwiːˈjɛn/; ; Occitan: Guiana ) or Guienne is a vaguely defined historic region of south-western France. The Province of Guyenne, sometimes called the Province of Guyenne and Gascony, was a large province of pre-revolutionary France.

The name Guyenne comes from the Occitan Guiana, which is itself a corruption of the word Aquitaine. However the words Aquitaine and Guyenne came to indicate different entities. The region of Guyenne also became confused with the region of Gascony until this took on a distinct identity in the 17th Century. From this time "Guyenne and Gascony" was a common term corresponding roughly to modern northern Aquitaine.

The Duchy of Guyenne appears for the first time in the Treaty of Paris of 1229 which brought an end to the Albigensian Crusade, and may have been actually created by that treaty. The capital was Bordeaux. The Duchy was under the Kings of England, as Guyenne had been since 1154, and remained an English vassal until 1453. In 1453 it became land directly under the French Crown, except from 1469 to 1472 when it was granted to Charles de Valois (until his death).

In 1561, Guyenne was made a province, and included Bordelais, Bazadais, Limousin, Périgord, Quercy, Rouergue, Agenais, Saintonge, and Angoumois. The province was abolished with all French provinces at the time of the French Revolution.

Historical Provinces of France
  • Alsace
  • Angoumois
  • Anjou
  • Artois
  • Aunis
  • Auvergne
  • Basse-Navarre
  • Béarn
  • Beaujolais
  • Berry
  • Bourbonnais
  • Brittany
  • Burgundy
  • Champagne
  • Corsica
  • Dauphiné
  • Flanders and Hainaut
  • Foix
  • Forez
  • Franche-Comté
  • Gascony
  • Guyenne
  • Île-de-France
  • Languedoc
  • Limousin
  • Lorraine
  • Lyonnais
  • Maine
  • Marche
  • Montbéliard
  • Mulhouse
  • Nice
  • Nivernais
  • Normandy
  • Orléanais
  • Perche
  • Picardy
  • Poitou
  • Provence
  • Roussillon
  • Saintonge
  • Savoy
  • Touraine
  • Trois-Évêchés
  • Venaissin

Coordinates: 43°58′37″N 0°10′34″W / 43.977°N 0.176°W / 43.977; -0.176

Other articles related to "guyenne":

College Of Guienne - History
... council equivalent) called teachers from Flanders and from Paris to create the College de Guyenne ... Gouveia's stay at the College de Guyenne lasted until 1547, attracting students like Michel de Montaigne, who later in his Essays described Gouveia as "...behind ... The regulations of the Collège de Guyenne were published by Elie Vinet in 1583 under the title Schola Aquitanica ...
Lac-Chicobi, Quebec
... South of Lake Chicobi is the community of Guyenne, the territory's only population centre ... It is named after the geographic township of Guyenne (proclaimed in 1916), in turn named the Guyenne Regiment that fought under General Montcalm's command ...
Hundred Years' War - Beginning of The War: 1337–1360
... Succession In the 11th century, Gascony had been incorporated into Aquitaine (also Guyenne or Guienne) and formed with it the province of Guyenne and Gascony (French ... By the 13th century the terms Aquitaine, Guyenne and Gascony were virtually synonymous ...
Louis, Dauphin Of France, Duke Of Guyenne
... Louis, Dauphin of France and Duke of Guyenne (22 January 1397 – 18 December 1415) was a younger son of Charles VI of France and Isabeau of Bavaria ... he was likewise made Duke of Aquitaine (Guyenne) ...