Gulf War Syndrome

Gulf War syndrome (GWS), also known as Gulf War illness (GWI), is a chronic multisymptom disorder affecting returning military veterans and civilian workers of the Persian Gulf War. A wide range of acute and chronic symptoms have been linked to it, including fatigue, muscle pain, cognitive problems, rashes and diarrhea. Approximately 250,000 of the 697,000 veterans who served in the 1991 Gulf War are afflicted with enduring chronic multi-symptom illness, a condition with serious consequences. From 1995 to 2005, the health of combat veterans worsened in comparison with nondeployed veterans, with the onset of more new chronic diseases, functional impairment, repeated clinic visits and hospitalizations, chronic fatigue syndrome-like illness, posttraumatic stress disorder, and greater persistence of adverse health incidents.

Suggested causes have included depleted uranium, sarin gas, smoke from burning oil wells, vaccinations, combat stress and psychological factors, though only pyridostigmine (an antitoxin for nerve agents) and organophosphate pesticides have been conclusively linked.

Read more about Gulf War SyndromeClassification, Overview, Signs and Symptoms, Proposed Causes, Diagnosis, Epidemiologic Research, Controversy

Other articles related to "gulf war syndrome, syndromes, war, gulf war, gulf, syndrome":

Gulf War Syndrome - Controversy
... Similar syndromes have been seen as an after effect of other conflicts — for example, 'shell shock' after World War I, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the Vietnam War ... A review of the medical records of 15,000 American Civil War soldiers showed that "those who lost at least 5% of their company had a 51% increased risk of later development of cardiac ... find a statistically significant elevation in the number of traffic accidents suffered by Gulf War veterans ...
Simon Wessely - Military Health
... More recently, Wessely's work was the first to show that service in the 1991 Gulf War had had a significant effect on the health of UK servicemen and women ... and the work of other investigators was crucial in categorising Gulf War Syndrome as a verifiable consequence of service in the Gulf, which resulted in affected Gulf War veterans being able to receive war ... Is it Gulf War Syndrome or isn't it? I think that's a statistical and technical question that's of minor interest" ...
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity - Causes - Genetic Differences in Metabolism
... fibromyalgia, posttraumatic stress disorder, Gulf War syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome ... into the prevalence of MCS amongst British Gulf War syndrome sufferers ... concluded veterans who had used personal organophosphate pesticides during the second Gulf War were 12 times more likely to develop MCS ...
Multiple Chemical Sensitivity - Epidemiology - Relationship To Gulf War Syndrome
... the occurrence of MCS in military personnel deployed to the Persian Gulf during the 1990s ... Some of the health complaints and symptoms reported by veterans of the Gulf War attributed to Gulf War syndrome are similar to those reported for MCS, including headache, fatigue ... epidemiological study involving American veterans of the Gulf War, non-Gulf War veterans, and non-deployed reservists enlisted both during Gulf War era and outside the Gulf War ...

Famous quotes containing the words syndrome, gulf and/or war:

    [T]he syndrome known as life is too diffuse to admit of palliation. For every symptom that is eased, another is made worse. The horse leech’s daughter is a closed system. Her quantum of wantum cannot vary.
    Samuel Beckett (1906–1989)

    I candidly confess that I have ever looked on Cuba as the most interesting addition which could ever be made to our system of States. The control which, with Florida, this island would give us over the Gulf of Mexico, and the countries and isthmus bordering on it, as well as all those whose waters flow into it, would fill up the measure of our political well-being.
    Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826)

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    Jane Mayer, U.S. journalist, and Jill Abramson b. 1954, U.S. journalist. Strange Justice, p. 8, Houghton Mifflin (1994)