Gujarat - Geography

Geography

Main article: Geography of Gujarat See also: Climate of Gujarat and List of rivers of Gujarat Construction work going on the banks of Sabarmati river under the Sabarmati River Front Development Project

Gujarat borders with Pakistan's province of Sindh to the northwest, bounded by the Arabian Sea to the southwest, the state of Rajasthan to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and by Maharashtra, Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawad peninsula, "Saurastra", and the south as "Lata". Gujarat was also known as Pratichya and Varuna. The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. The capital, Gandhinagar is a planned city. Gujarat has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with the longest coast line 1600 km, dotted with 41 ports: one major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor ports.

Narmada is the biggest river of Gujarat followed by Tapi, although Sabarmati covers the longest area in the state. The Sardar Sarovar Project is built on the Narmada River. Narmada is one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 1312 km. It is one of only three rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west – the others being the Tapi River and the Mahi River. A riverfront project has been built on Sabarmati River. The other rivers are:

  1. Aji
  2. Ambika
  3. Auranga
  4. Banas
  5. Bhadar
  6. Bhikda
  7. Bhogavo
  8. Daman Ganga
  9. Dhadhar
  10. Gautami
  11. Ghelo
  12. Hathmati
  13. Kalubhar
  14. Keri
  15. Khari
  16. Kim
  17. Lilka
  18. Lindio
  19. Mahi
  20. Mazum
  21. Meshwo
  22. Narmada
  23. Ootavali
  24. Purna
  25. Rangholi
  26. Sabarmati
  27. Sanosari
  28. Shedhi
  29. Shetrunji
  30. Sonpari
  31. Talaji
  32. Tapi
  33. Vatrak
  34. Vishwamitri
  35. Und

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