Fujiwara Clan

The Fujiwara clan (藤原氏 Fujiwara-shi), descending from the Nakatomi clan, was a powerful family of regents in Japan.

The clan originated when the founder, Nakatomi no Kamatari (614-669), was rewarded by Emperor Tenji with the honorific "Fujiwara", which evolved as a surname for Kamatari and his descendants. In time, Fujiwara became known as a clan name.

The Fujiwara dominated the Japanese politics of Heian period (794–1185) through the monopoly of regent positions, sesshō and kampaku. The family's primary strategy for central influence was through the marrying of Fujiwara daughters to emperors. Through this, the Fujiwara would gain influence over the next emperor who would, according to Japanese family tradition, owe loyalty to his grandfather. As abdicated Emperors took over power by exercising insei (院政, cloistered rule) at the end of 11th century, then followed by the rise of warrior class, the Fujiwara gradually lost its control over mainstream politics.

Beyond the 12th century, they continued to monopolize the titles of sesshō and kampaku for much of the time until the system was abolished in the Meiji era. Though their influence declined, the clan remained close advisors to the succeeding Emperors.

Read more about Fujiwara Clan:  Asuka/Nara Period, Heian Period, Fission, Family Tree, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "clans, clan, fujiwara clan, fujiwara":

Japanese Clans - Ancient-era Clan Names (Uji-na/氏名 or Honsei/本姓) - Four Noble Clans
... Gempeitōkitsu (源平藤橘?), 4 noble clans of Japan Minamoto clan (源氏) - also known as Genji 21 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan ... - descended from 56th emperor Seiwa origin of many samurai clans ... Taira clan (平氏) - also known as Heishi 4 cadet branches of Imperial House of Japan ...
List Of Kuge Families - Fujiwara Clan
... Fujiwara four families (藤原四家) Nanke 南家 Hokke 北家 Sikike 式家 Kyōke 京家 (in order of creation) ...
Emperor Go-Shirakawa - Events of Go-Shirakawa's Life
... He attempted to decrease the influence of the Fujiwara clan and increased the power of the samurai ... Konoe, died in 1155, Go-Shirakawa became emperor with support of Toba and a powerful lord Fujiwara no Tadamichi, since they were against Retired Emperor Sutoku and did not want his son to be the next emperor ... Two samurai clans, the Taira and the Minamoto, stood against each other, and the Heiji Rebellion occurred in 1159 ...
Ancient Japan - Classical Japan - Heian Period
... hands of powerful aristocratic families (kuge), especially the Fujiwara clan, who ruled under the titles Sesshō and Kampaku (imperial regents) ... The Fujiwara clan obtained almost complete control over the imperial family ... This meant that the Fujiwara authority could always be challenged by a vigorous emperor ...
Fujiwara Clan - In Popular Culture
... The Fujiwara clan is featured prominently in The Pillow Book, by Sei Shōnagon ... The Fujiwara clan is featured prominently in Little Sister, "The Nightingale", and The Heavenward Path by Kara Dalkey ... no Go, the protagonist Hikaru Shindo learns Go from the ghost of a Go genius from the Heian period, Fujiwara no Sai ...

Famous quotes containing the word clan:

    We cannot think of a legitimate argument why ... whites and blacks need be affected by the knowledge that an aggregate difference in measured intelligence is genetic instead of environmental.... Given a chance, each clan ... will encounter the world with confidence in its own worth and, most importantly, will be unconcerned about comparing its accomplishments line-by-line with those of any other clan. This is wise ethnocentricism.
    Richard Herrnstein (1930–1994)