Franz Josef Land

Franz Josef Land, Franz Joseph Land, or Francis Joseph's Land (Russian: Земля Франца-Иосифа, Zemlya Frantsa-Iosifa) is an archipelago located in the far north of Russia. It is found in the Arctic Ocean north of Novaya Zemlya and east of Svalbard, and is administered by Arkhangelsk Oblast. Franz Josef Land consists of 191 ice-covered islands with a total area of 16,134 km2 (6,229 sq mi). It is currently uninhabited.

At latitudes between 80.0° and 81.9° north, it is the most northerly group of islands associated with Eurasia. The extreme northernmost point is Cape Fligely on Rudolf Island. The archipelago is only 900 to 1,110 km (560 to 690 miles) from the North Pole, and the northernmost islands are closer to the Pole than any other land except for Canada's Ellesmere Island and Greenland.

The archipelago was possibly first discovered by the Norwegian sealers Nils Fredrik Rønnbeck and Aidijärvi aboard the schooner Spidsbergen in 1865 who, according to scarce reports, sailed eastward from Svalbard until they reached a new land, denoted Nordøst-Spitsbergen (Spitsbergen was the contemporary name of Svalbard). It is not known if they went ashore, and the new islands were soon forgotten.

The officially recognized discovery took place in 1873 by the Austro-Hungarian North Pole Expedition led by polar explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht. They named the archipelago in honour of the Austro-Hungarian emperor Franz Joseph I. Since the expedition was privately sponsored and not official, these islands have not been part of Austria.

In 1926 the islands were taken over by the Soviet Union, and a few people were settled for research and military purposes. Access by ships is possible only for a few summer weeks and a special permit is required to visit the islands.

Read more about Franz Josef LandHistory, Geography

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Franz Josef Land - Islands - Names of The Islands
... Very few of the islands in Franz Josef Land have Russian names ... were renamed, the aristocratic names of the Franz Josef Archipelago were preserved during the Soviet era ...
Alexander Konrad - Biography
... By early 1914 the ship had drifted with the ice NW of Franz Josef Land and did not seem likely to be freed that year either ... which is not as extensive as Albanov's story of the ordeal In the Land of White Death, but which gives some interesting clues as to the terrible fate of the other sailors that went along with him following Albanov ... Anna and headed on skis, sledges and kayaks towards Franz Josef Land, twelve sailors perished shortly after arriving there, when a sudden storm separated ...
Cossack Explorers - Alphabetical List - S
... He discovered Bunge Land and suggested that there was a vast land north of Kotelny Island, thus introducing a theory about the existence of the legendary Sannikov Land ... travelling on the icebreaker Sedov, he established the first research station on Franz Josef Land, explored the northwestern Kara Sea and western Severnaya Zemlya ... Foka reached Franz Josef Land then, but had to stop for another winter due to lack of coal ...
Fridtjof Nansen - Fram Expedition - Retreat
... them to calculate their longitude and thus navigate their way accurately to Franz Josef Land. 50 nautical miles (93 km 58 mi) from Cape Fligely, the northernmost known point of Franz Josef Land ... Nansen recorded "At last the marvel has come to pass—land, land, and after we had almost given up our belief in it!" Whether this still-distant land was Franz Josef Land or a new discovery they did not know—they ...
Benjamin Leigh Smith
... Smith undertook no less than five scientific expeditions to Svalbard and Franz Josef Land ... Leigh Smith was shipwrecked at Cape Flora, Northbrook Island (Franz Josef Land), in 1881 ... Ostrov Li-Smita (Leigh-Smith Island), lying east of Hooker Island (Franz Josef Land), was named after this British yachtsman and explorer ...

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