Fort Watauga

Fort Watauga, more properly Fort Caswell, was an American Revolutionary War fort that once stood at the Sycamore Shoals of the Watauga River in what is now Elizabethton, Tennessee. The fort was originally built in 1775–1776 by the area's frontier government, the Watauga Association, to help defend Watauga settlers from Native American (primarily Cherokee) attacks, which were in part instigated by the British. Fort Watauga was originally named Fort Caswell after North Carolina Governor Richard Caswell.

In the 1970s, as part of the nation's bicentennial celebrations, the state of Tennessee authorized a reconstruction of Fort Watauga. Archaeologists conducted excavations in the Sycamore Shoals area and uncovered several trenches believed to have been part of the fort's walls. The fort was then rebuilt based on information gained about the fort's design from the excavation, descriptions of the fort in historical sources, and the general design of typical Appalachian frontier forts. The reconstructed fort is now part of Sycamore Shoals State Historic Park.

Read more about Fort WataugaLocation and Design

Other articles related to "fort watauga, fort, forts, watauga":

Sycamore Shoals State Historic Area - Facilities - Fort Watauga
... A reconstruction of the 18th-century Fort Watauga is located behind the visitors center ... The fort, originally called Fort Caswell, was originally built in the mid-1770s ... The reconstructed fort's design is based on archaeological finds, scant historic descriptions of the fort, and the typical design of forts on the Appalachian frontier ...
Historical Significance of The Sycamore Shoals State Historic Area - American Revolution
... See also Transylvania (colony), Fort Watauga, and Overmountain Men In March 1775, the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals, sometimes called the Transylvania Purchase, was ... The Watauga and Nolichucky settlers organized themselves into the Washington District and formed a Committee of Safety, which acquired arms and built forts ... On July 21, 1776, a Cherokee invasion force attacked Fort Watauga, but was thwarted by the fort's garrison, which was led by John Carter, James Robertson, and ...
Elizabethton, Tennessee - History - American Revolution
... Elizabethton (at Sycamore Shoals) was also the Fort Watauga site of the Transylvania Purchase ... In the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals (also known as the Treaty of Watauga), Henderson purchased all the land lying between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains, and the Kentucky River, and situated south of ... Early during the American Revolutionary War, Fort Watauga at Sycamore Shoals was the attacked in 1776 by Dragging Canoe and his warring faction of ...
Fort Watauga - Location and Design
... Ramsey provided the most often-cited description of Fort Watauga's location in his Annals of Tennessee, published in 1852 ... Elizabethton and observed what he believed were the fort's remains, placed the fort's location at approximately 0.5 miles (0.80 km) northeast of the mouth of Gap ... A contemporary of Ramsey, Lyman Draper, placed the fort's location at roughly 1 mile (1.6 km) downstream from the mouth of the Doe River (about 2 miles ...

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    —Garrett Fort (1900–1945)