Form Criticism

Form criticism is a method of biblical criticism that classifies units of scripture by literary pattern and that attempts to trace each type to its period of oral transmission. Form criticism seeks to determine a unit's original form and the historical context of the literary tradition. Hermann Gunkel originally developed form criticism to analyze the Hebrew Bible. It has since been used to supplement the documentary hypothesis explaining the origin of the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Hebrew Bible or Old Testament) and to study the Christian New Testament.

Read more about Form CriticismThe Evangelists, Demythologising, Literary Forms and Sociological Contexts, Scholars of Form Criticism, Bibliography

Other articles related to "form criticism, form, criticism":

Pentateuchal Criticism - Methods and Perspectives - Form Criticism and Tradition History
... Form criticism breaks the Bible down into sections (pericopes, stories) which are analyzed and categorized by genres (prose or verse, letters, laws, court archives, war hymns, poems of lament, etc.) ... The form critic then theorizes on the pericope's Sitz im Leben ("setting in life"), the setting in which it was composed and, especially, used ... Tradition history is a specific aspect of form criticism which aims at tracing the way in which the pericopes entered the larger units of the biblical canon, and especially the way in which they made ...
Daniel 2 - Literary Analysis - Form Criticism
... According to form critics, Daniel 2 is made up numerous literary subgenres a court tale, a dream report, a legend, an aretalogy, a doxology, and a midrash ... Form-critical scholars attribute this to a shared folklore pattern of a success story where the lower-class hero solves a problem for the higher-class person and is then rewarded for doing so ...
Form Criticism - Bibliography
... The Old Testament and Criticism ... Old Testament Form Criticism ... "What is Form Criticism?" Guide to Biblical Scholarship, New Testament Philadelphia, 1967 ...
Tradition History
... Tradition history or criticism is a methodology of Biblical criticism that was developed by Hermann Gunkel ... biblical traditions passed from stage to stage into their final form, especially how they passed from oral tradition to written form ... Tradition history/criticism is a sister discipline of form criticism--also associated with Gunkel, who used the results of source and form criticism to develop the history of tradition ...

Famous quotes containing the words criticism and/or form:

    A tailor can adapt to any medium, be it poetry, be it criticism. As a poet, he can mend, and with the scissors of criticism he can divide.
    Franz Grillparzer (1791–1872)

    The principle of majority rule is the mildest form in which the force of numbers can be exercised. It is a pacific substitute for civil war in which the opposing armies are counted and the victory is awarded to the larger before any blood is shed. Except in the sacred tests of democracy and in the incantations of the orators, we hardly take the trouble to pretend that the rule of the majority is not at bottom a rule of force.
    Walter Lippmann (1889–1974)