Fonds

In archival science, a fonds is the aggregation of documents that originate from the same source. More specifically, a fonds distinguishes itself from a collection through its organic nature, as archival documents that have been naturally accumulated (made or received) by an individual, company, institution, etc. as a byproduct of business or day-to-day activities.

In modern archival practice, the fonds is generally the highest level of arrangement, and is usually used to describe the whole of the archives of an organisation or the papers of an individual. It may be divided into sub-fonds, generally the records of different branches of an organisation or major themes within the papers of an individual. These are in turn further subdivided into series (which may in a smaller archive come directly below a fonds without the presence of a sub-fonds), usually used for groupings of individual types of documents (minutes, correspondence files, deeds, etc.), sub-series, files, and items. An item is the smallest archival unit, and is usually physically indivisible (a single volume or letter, for instance). It is technically possible to add an infinite number of subs to the fonds, series or file, but in practice it is actually rare for more than one to be used.

The term fonds originated in French archival practice, but has now spread to English-speaking countries as well. In some countries, including the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada, it has officially replaced the misleading term collection, which used to be used for this level and is now only used for document aggregations assembled, but not created, by a collector. In the United States, archivists still often use the terms "collection" and "record group" for comparable levels of archival materials.

Other articles related to "fonds":

Fonds Coislin
... Fonds Coislin (French Le fonds Coislin) is a collection (or fonds) of Greek manuscripts acquired by Pierre Séguier, but named after Henri-Charles de Coislin, its ... It is now held in the National Library of France, as one of three fonds of Greek manuscripts fonds grec, fonds Coislin, and supplément grec ...
Louis Dudek - Publications - Fonds
... of his papers, known as the Louis Dudek fonds, are stored with Library and Archives Canada (formerly the National Library of Canada) ...
La Chaux-de-Fonds District
... La Chaux-de-Fonds District is one of the six districts of the largely French-speaking canton of Neuchâtel, Switzerland, lying in the Montagnes Neuchâteloises Region ... The district capital is the town of La Chaux-de-Fonds ...
Charles Antenen - Career - Titles
... Swiss Champion in 1954 for La Chaux-de-Fonds FC Swiss Champion in 1955 for La Chaux-de-Fonds FC Swiss Champion in 1964 for La Chaux-de-Fonds FC Swiss Cup in 1948 for La Chaux-de ...