Florentine Codex

The Florentine Codex is a 16th century ethnographic research project in Mesoamerica by Franciscan friar Bernardino de Sahagún. Bernardino originally titled it: La Historia Universal de las Cosas de Nueva España (in English: the Universal History of the Things of New Spain). After a translation mistake it was given the name "Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España". It is commonly referred to as "The Florentine Codex" after the Italian archive library where the best-preserved manuscript is held. In partnership with Aztec men who were formerly his students, Bernardino conducted research, organized evidence, wrote and edited his findings starting in 1545 up until his death in 1590. It consists of 2,400 pages organized into twelve books with over 2,000 illustrations drawn by native artists providing vivid images of this era. It documents the culture, religious cosmology (worldview) and ritual practices, society, economics, and natural history of the Aztec people. One scholar described The Florentine Codex as “one of the most remarkable accounts of a non-Western culture ever composed.” Charles E. Dibble and Arthur J. O. Anderson were the first to translate the Codex from Nahuatl to English, in a project that took 30 years to complete. As of November 1, 2012, the World Digital Library offers high resolution scans of all volumes at The Florentine Codex.

Read more about Florentine Codex:  Bernardino’s Motivations For Research, Format and Structure, Books, Ethnographic Methodologies, Gallery of Images From The Florentine Codex

Other articles related to "florentine codex, codex":

Moctezuma II - Depiction in Early Post-conquest Literature
... being fearful of the Spanish newcomers, and some sources, such as the Florentine codex, comment that the Aztecs believed the Spaniards to be gods and Cortés to be ... of the idea of Cortés being seen as a deity can be traced back to the Florentine Codex written down some 50 years after the conquest ... In the codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorial Nahuatl, a speech which as ...
Aztec Codices - Florentine Codex
... The Florentine Codex is a set of 12 books created under the supervision of Bernardino de Sahagún between approximately 1540 and 1585 ... Perhaps more than any other source, the Florentine Codex has been the major source of Aztec life in the years before the Spanish conquest even though a complete copy ...
Florentine Codex - Ethnographic Methodologies
... Most of the Florentine Codex is text, but its 2,000 pictures provide vivid images of 16th century New Spain ... Many passages of the texts in the Florentine Codex present descriptions of like items (e.g ... “Earthly Things,” has the most text and approximately half of the drawings in the codex ...
Two-Spirit - Definition and Historic Societal Role
... that these laws existed, at least for the Aztecs, comes from the Florentine Codex ... The Florentine Codex is unquestionably a troubling primary source ... In 1585, he published a revised version of the codex, which, he argued, corrected some errors and integrated some things ignored in his earlier summary ...

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