Eternal Return

Eternal return (also known as "eternal recurrence") is a concept which posits that the universe has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space. The concept is found in Indian philosophy and in ancient Egypt and was subsequently taken up by the Pythagoreans and Stoics. With the decline of antiquity and the spread of Christianity, the concept fell into disuse in the Western world, though Friedrich Nietzsche resurrected it as a thought experiment to argue for amor fati.

In addition, the philosophical concept of eternal recurrence was addressed by Arthur Schopenhauer. It is a purely physical concept, involving no supernatural reincarnation, but the return of beings in the same bodies. Time is viewed as being not linear but cyclical.

Read more about Eternal ReturnPremise, Classical Antiquity, Indian Religions, Judaism, Renaissance, Friedrich Nietzsche, Poincaré Recurrence Theorem, Modern Cosmology, Arguments Against Eternal Return, References in Other Literature, References in Popular Culture

Other articles related to "eternal return, eternal":

Eternal Return (Eliade) - Scholarly Criticism
... influential in religious studies, the ideas behind Eliade's hypothesis of the eternal return are less well accepted in anthropology and sociology ... also results from Eliade's assumption — essential for belief in the eternal return as Eliade formulates it — that primitive and archaic cultures had ... Kirk thinks Eliade's theory of eternal return applies to some cultures ...
Eternal Return (disambiguation)
... The term Eternal return may mean Eternal return, the philosophical concept Eternal Return (Eliade), the term used by the religious historian Mircea Eliade The Eternal Return (album), an album by the American metal ...
Mircea Eliade - Criticism of Eliade's Scholarship - Overgeneralization
... In Kirk's view, Eliade derived his theory of eternal return from the functions of Australian Aboriginal mythology and then proceeded to apply the theory to ... For example, Kirk argues that the eternal return does not accurately describe the functions of Native American or Greek mythology ... (in an introduction to Eliade's own Shamanism) that the eternal return does not apply to all myths and rituals, although it may apply to many of them ...
Eternal Return - References in Popular Culture
... Eternal return is the central theme of the movie Groundhog Day - the main character, played by Bill Murray, wakes up each morning to find it is the same date and everything which he does not ... the polytheistic religion of the humans of the Twelve Colonies is centered on the belief of eternal recurrence, and the religious elements of the ... Michael Ende's 1979 novel, The Never Ending Story, muses on themes of eternal return, with the Old Man of Wandering Mountain and the Childlike Empress being two opposing and unified figures caught in The Circle of ...
Darkest Hour (band) - History - The Eternal Return (2009−2010)
... In March 2009, Darkest Hour began to record the new album, The Eternal Return, just before co-headlining (along with Bleeding Through) the Thrash and Burn ... The Eternal Return was released on June 23, 2009, two weeks later than originally announced ...

Famous quotes containing the words return and/or eternal:

    Yet I shall never return to the past, that attic.
    John Ashbery (b. 1927)

    But eternal liveliness is what counts: what does “eternal life” matter, or life at all?
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)