England - National Symbols

National Symbols

Main article: National symbols of England

The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa. The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from 1190 onwards, so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean. A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George, along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner. Since 1606 the St George's Cross has formed part of the design of the Union Flag, a Pan-British flag designed by King James I.

There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose, the nation's floral emblem, and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England. The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is a syncretic symbol in that it merged the white rose of the Yorkists and the red rose of the Lancastrians—cadet branches of the Plantagenets who went to war over control of the nation. It is also known as the Rose of England. The oak tree is a symbol of England, representing strength and endurance. The Royal Oak symbol and Oak Apple Day commemorate the escape of King Charles II from the grasp of the parliamentarians after his father's execution: he hid in an oak tree to avoid detection before safely reaching exile.

The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in 1198. It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy. England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. However, the following are often considered unofficial English national anthems: Jerusalem, Land of Hope and Glory (used for England during the 2002 Commonwealth Games), and I Vow to Thee, My Country. England's National Day is 23 April which is St George's Day: St George is the patron saint of England.

Read more about this topic:  England

Other articles related to "national, symbols, national symbols":

Green And Gold - References
... Australia's National Colours Australian National Colours green and gold Australian Citizenship Our Common Bond.Our Common Bond Page 43 Australia National Flag-Australian ... Green and Gold project 1 March 2012(press release) http//www.convictcreations.com/research/symbols.html Symbols of Australia -Defiance and Conformity Retrieved 5th Of October ...
Symbols Of The United Kingdom, The Channel Islands And The Isle Of Man - See Also
... Islands Isle of Man List of British flags United Kingdom - Symbols Channel Islands - Culture List of national animals - United Kingdom National emblem - Plants (National flora) National symbols of ...
Subdivisions Of Belize - National Symbols - Tapir
... Belize's National Animal is the Baird's tapir, the largest land mammal of the American tropics ...
Common Official National Symbols
... The associated device and/or motto can also be used separately The national colors, often derived from the above Either the above or more abstract symbols, especially crosses, National anthems, royal and ...

Famous quotes containing the words symbols and/or national:

    The twentieth-century artist who uses symbols is alienated because the system of symbols is a private one. After you have dealt with the symbols you are still private, you are still lonely, because you are not sure anyone will understand it except yourself. The ransom of privacy is that you are alone.
    Louise Bourgeois (b. 1911)

    Any honest examination of the national life proves how far we are from the standard of human freedom with which we began. The recovery of this standard demands of everyone who loves this country a hard look at himself, for the greatest achievments must begin somewhere, and they always begin with the person. If we are not capable of this examination, we may yet become one of the most distinguished and monumental failures in the history of nations.
    James Baldwin (1924–1987)