The elevation of a geographic location is its height above a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic system, vertical datum). Elevation, or geometric height, is mainly used when referring to points on the Earth's surface, while altitude or geopotential height is used for points above the surface, such as an aircraft in flight or a spacecraft in orbit, and depth is used for points below the surface.

Less commonly, elevation is measured using the center of the Earth as the reference point. Due to equatorial bulge, there is debate as to which of the summits of Mt. Everest or Chimborazo is at the higher elevation, as the Chimborazo summit is further from the Earth's center while the Mt. Everest summit is higher above mean sea level.

Read more about Elevation:  Maps and GIS, Topography, Global 1-kilometer Map, Hypsography, Temperature

Other articles related to "elevation":

Montane Forest
... of ecology that studies life systems on mountains or other high elevation regions on the Earth ... on mountains are strongly affected by climate, which gets colder as elevation increases ... form life zones, which are stratified according to elevation ...
Elevation - Temperature
... Temperatures become colder as elevation increases, by approximately 6.5 degrees Celsius per 1000 meters ...
Metro West Water Supply Tunnel - Technical Data
... The water pressure hydraulic grade level (HGL) corresponding to the maximum water surface elevation of the Wachusett Reservoir, feeding the proposed ... HGL is used, instead of elevation, data because it is significantly more precise than elevation data ... Because 2.31 feet (0.70 m) of elevation translates into 1 psi of pressure (for water), calculating pressure to 1 psi precision requires elevation data that's accurate to roughly 2 feet (0 ...
Mountain Peaks Of California
... Topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a precise mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface ... Topographic prominence is the elevation difference between the summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit ... is the minimum great circle distance to a point of higher elevation ...

Famous quotes containing the word elevation:

    All our lives we fought against exalting the individual, against the elevation of the single person, and long ago we were over and done with the business of a hero, and here it comes up again: the glorification of one personality. This is not good at all. I am just like everybody else.
    Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870–1924)

    It was not till the middle of the second dance, when, from some pauses in the movement wherein they all seemed to look up, I fancied I could distinguish an elevation of spirit different from that which is the cause or the effect of simple jollity.—In a word, I thought I beheld Religion mixing in the dance.
    Laurence Sterne (1713–1768)

    The ability to secure an independent livelihood and honorable employ suited to her education and capacities is the only true foundation of the social elevation of woman, even in the very highest classes of society. While she continues to be educated only to be somebody’s wife, and is left without any aim in life till that somebody either in love, or in pity, or in selfish regard at last grants her the opportunity, she can never be truly independent.
    Catherine E. Beecher (1800–1878)