Edinburgh Castle

Edinburgh Castle is a fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, from its position atop the volcanic Castle Rock. Human habitation of the site is dated back as far as the 9th century BC, although the nature of early settlement is unclear. There has been a royal castle here since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century, and the site continued to be a royal residence until the Union of the Crowns in 1603. From the 15th century the castle's residential role declined, and by the 17th century its principal role was as a military base with a large garrison. Its importance as a historic monument was recognised from the 19th century, and various restoration programmes have been carried out since. As one of the most important fortresses in the Kingdom of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle was involved in many historical conflicts, from the Wars of Scottish Independence in the 14th century, up to the Jacobite Rising of 1745, and has been besieged, both successfully and unsuccessfully, on several occasions.

Few of the present buildings pre-date the Lang Siege of the 16th century, when the medieval fortifications were largely destroyed by artillery bombardment. The most notable exceptions are St Margaret's Chapel, which dates from the early 12th century and is the oldest surviving building in Edinburgh, the Royal Palace, and the early-16th-century Great Hall. The castle also houses the Honours of Scotland, the Scottish National War Memorial, and the National War Museum of Scotland.

Edinburgh Castle is in the care of Historic Scotland, and is Scotland's most-visited paid tourist attraction, with over 1.3 million visitors in 2011. The British Army is responsible for some parts of the castle, although its presence is largely ceremonial and administrative, including a number of regimental museums. As the backdrop to the annual Edinburgh Military Tattoo it has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh and of Scotland.

Read more about Edinburgh CastleDescription, Present Use

Other articles related to "edinburgh castle, castle, edinburgh":

Edinburgh Castle - Present Use - Symbol of Edinburgh
... The castle has become a recognisable symbol of Edinburgh, and of Scotland ... in stylised form, on the coats of arms of the City of Edinburgh and the University of Edinburgh ... Images of the castle are used as a logo by organisations including Edinburgh Rugby, the Edinburgh Evening News, Hibernian F.C ...
Alexander Carrick - Edinburgh Castle
... of the Scottish National War Memorial in Edinburgh Castle ... In 1929, Carrick's figure of Sir William Wallace was also unveiled in Edinburgh Castle ... and King Robert the Bruce to stand in niches set into the castle wall on either side of the gateway ...
George Gordon, 1st Duke Of Gordon
... the Duke was made one of the Commissioners of Supply, Constable of Edinburgh Castle, a Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury and a founding Knight of the Order of the Thistle ... religion." Following the Glorious Revolution and the overthrow of James II, the Duke held Edinburgh Castle against the Protestant Conventionists ... in his defence" and eventually surrendered the Castle on 14 June 1689 ...
Clan Kincaid - History - Sixteenth Century
... Thomas Kincaid of Coates was Constable of Edinburgh Castle from at least 1508 to 1 March 1512/1548 and was Master of Works for King James IV at least in 1511 ... He oversaw preparations made at Edinburgh Castle for the invasion of England in 1513, including the casting of some of the great cannons used in the Battle of Flodden Field, and obtaining metal for the building of The ... Edward Kincaid was Sheriff-Depute of Edinburgh in 1521, at the time of the battle there referred to as the "Cleansing of the Causeway," and likely ...
The Likes Of Us - Synopsis
... At the Edinburgh Castle Gin Palace, a drinking establishment in the East End of London, a local girl, who is on very familiar terms with the male clientele, sings of her exploits ("Twice ... out of place with the Cockneys of the Edinburgh Castle, and a row among them ensues ("A Very Busy Man") ... When the Edinburgh Castle is placed up for auction, he decides to buy it, as his ownership will serve to silence his detractors, and the building can be converted to further his cause ...

Famous quotes containing the word castle:

    This castle hath a pleasant seat; the air
    Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself
    Unto our gentle senses.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)