Cottrell's Evaluation Apprehension model later refined this theory to include yet another variable in the mechanisms of social facilitation. He suggested that the correctness of dominant responses only plays a role in social facilitation when there is an expectation of social reward or punishment based on performance. His study differs in design from Zajonc's as he introduced a separate condition in which participants were given tasks to perform in the presence of an audience that was blindfolded, and thus unable to evaluate the participant's performance. It was found that no social facilitation effect occurred, and hence the anticipation of performance evaluation must play a role in social facilitation. Evaluation apprehension, however, is only key in human social facilitation and not observed in animals.
Other articles related to "evaluation apprehension, apprehension, evaluation, evaluations":
... These processes were free riding, evaluation apprehension, and blocking ... Evaluation apprehension Evaluation apprehension was determined to occur only in instances of personal evaluation ... collective assessment were in place, real-time judgment of ideas, ostensibly an induction of evaluation apprehension, failed to induce significant variance ...
... The evaluation apprehension theory was proposed by Nickolas B ... in the form of approval and disapproval) that we receive from other people are based on their evaluations of us ... Feelings of concern about evaluation nearly always occur when in the presence of others ...
Famous quotes containing the words apprehension and/or evaluation:
“Consider how the speechless, invisible gods
Ruled us before, from over Asia, by
Our merest apprehension of their will.”
—Wallace Stevens (18791955)
“Good critical writing is measured by the perception and evaluation of the subject; bad critical writing by the necessity of maintaining the professional standing of the critic.”
—Raymond Chandler (18881959)