The terms drive theory and drive reduction theory refer to a diverse set of motivational theories in psychology. Drive Reduction Theory, developed by Clark Hull in 1943, was the first theory for motivation (Dewey, 2007). Drive is an “excitatory state produced by a homeostatic disturbance” (Seward, 1956). Drive theory is based on the principle that organisms are born with certain psychological needs and that a negative state of tension is created when these needs are not satisfied. When a need is satisfied, drive is reduced and the organism returns to a state of homeostasis and relaxation. According to the theory, drive tends to increase over time and operates on a feedback control system, much like a thermostat.
Other articles related to "drive theory, theory, drives, drive":
... emphasis was on experimentation, an organized theory of learning, and the nature of habits, which he argued were associations between a stimulus and a response ... by goals that sought to satisfy primary drives—such as hunger, thirst, sex, and the avoidance of pain ...
... fear elicited by the message produces an internal drive to reduce the experience of fear ... This theory is similar to learning theory in that it proposes that the fear reducing behavior reinforces itself ...
... Apprehension model later refined this theory to include yet another variable in the mechanisms of social facilitation ...
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