Domestication

Domestication (from Latin domesticus) is the process where by a population of animals or plants is changed at the genetic level through a process of selection, in order to accentuate traits that benefit humans. It differs from taming in that a change in the phenotypical expression and genotype of the animal occurs, whereas taming is simply the process by which animals become accustomed to human presence. In the Convention on Biological Diversity, a domesticated species is defined as a "species in which the evolutionary process has been influenced by humans to meet their needs." Therefore, a defining characteristic of domestication is artificial selection by humans. Humans have brought these populations under their control and care for a wide range of reasons: to produce food or valuable commodities (such as wool, cotton, or silk), for types of work (such as transportation, protection, and warfare), scientific research, or simply to enjoy as companions or ornaments.

Plants domesticated primarily for aesthetic enjoyment in and around the home are usually called house plants or ornamentals, while those domesticated for large-scale food production are generally called crops. A distinction can be made between those domesticated plants that have been deliberately altered or selected for special desirable characteristics (see cultigen) and those plants that are used for human benefit, but are essentially no different from the wild populations of the species. Animals domesticated for home companionship are usually called pets while those domesticated for food or work are called livestock or farm animals.

Read more about DomesticationBackground, Degrees, Limits, Dates and Places, Genetic Pollution

Other articles related to "domestication":

Kristen Gremillion - Research
... worked on research surrounding when and where the domestication of plants may have taken place in Eastern North America, focusing on the forager-farmers of the eastern Kentucky uplands ... Her research suggests that experimentation in plant domestication may have started in the uplands, instead of the rich soiled flood plains as former theories have suggested ... in the uplands and would be able to experiment with domestication without having to travel great distances to get to the fertile flood plains ...
Self-domestication - In Humans
... Self-domestication describes theories of how humans developed and evolved ... The idea of self-domestication was used by early Social Darwinism which, according to psychiatrist Martin BrĂ¼ne in an article "On human self-domestication", developed from the idea that humans could perfect ... and genetic screening are typical examples where our self-domestication is most directly apparent," writes philosopher Masahiro Morioka, who also says that "Through domesticating ...
Anna Karenina Principle - Example: Failed Domestication
... and Steel, six groups of reasons for failed domestication of animals are Diet - To be a candidate for domestication, a species must be easy to feed ... environment make poor candidates for domestication ... Disposition - Some species are too mean and nasty to be good candidates for domestication ...