Doll - Uses, Appearances and Issues

Uses, Appearances and Issues

Since ancient times, dolls have played a central role in magic and religious rituals, or used as representations of a deity. Dolls have also traditionally been toys for children. Dolls are also collected by adults, for their nostalgic value, beauty, historical importance or financial value. Antique dolls which were originally made as children's playthings have become collector's items. Nineteenth-century bisque dolls made by French manufacturers such as Bru and Jumeau may be worth almost $22,000 today.

Dolls have traditionally been made as crude, rudimentary playthings as well as with elaborate, artful design. They have been created as folk art in cultures around the globe, and in the 20th century, art dolls began to be seen as high art. Artist Hans Bellmer made surrealistic dolls that had interchangeable limbs in 1930s and 1940s Germany as opposition to the Nazi party's idolization of a perfect Aryan body. East Village artist Greer Lankton became famous in the 1980s for her theatrical window displays of drug addicted, anorexic and mutant dolls.

Lifelike or anatomically correct dolls are used by health professionals, medical schools and social workers to train doctors and nurses in various health procedures or investigate cases of sexual abuse of children. Artists sometimes use jointed wooden mannequins in drawing the human figure.

In Western society, a gender difference in the selection of toys has been observed and studied. Action figures that represent traditional masculine traits are popular with boys, who are more likely to choose toys that have some link to tools, transportation, garages, machines and military equipment. Dolls for girls tend to represent feminine traits and come with such accessories as clothing, kitchen appliances, utensils, furniture and jewelry.

Pediophobia is a fear of dolls or similar objects. Psychologist Ernst Jentsch theorized that uncanny feelings arise when there is an intellectual uncertainty about whether an object is alive or not. Sigmund Freud further developed on these theories. Japanese roboticist Masahiro Mori expanded on these theories to develop the uncanny valley hypothesis. If an object is obviously enough non-human, its human characteristics will stand out, and be endearing. However, if that object reaches a certain threshold of human-like appearance, its non-human characteristics will stand out, and be disturbing.

Read more about this topic:  Doll

Other articles related to "issues":

Tom Strong - Collected Editions
... The Tom Strong series been collected into individual volumes Tom Strong Book One, issues 1-7 (hardcover ISBN 1-56389-654-0, paperback ISBN 1-84023-228-5) Tom Strong Book Two, issues 8-14 (hardcover ISBN 1-84023 ...
Tim Pawlenty - Governorship - Reelection, 2006
... He espoused conservative stands on issues ... But conservatives criticized him on funding issues, in particular two pieces of legislation for stadiums for the Gophers and Minnesota Twins, and bond issues for ...
Ex Parte McCardle - Issues
... Two issues were raised by this case Whether the Supreme Court had jurisdiction to hear the case, and if so, whether McCardle's imprisonment violated his Fifth Amendment Due Process rights ...
Fulbert Of Chartres - Writings - Letters
... He also wrote to fellow churchmen on a variety of liturgical issues including, the appointment of Bishops, excommunication, and obedience ... His letters also include correspondence about the mundane issues of everyday life such as thanking people for medicine and setting up meetings ... These letters provide insight into a variety of issues in the late tenth and early eleventh century France ...
Victorian Trades Hall Council - History - Issues
... Victorian Trades Hall president Kevin Bracken sparked outrage on 20 October 2010 when he told Jon Faine's ABC talk-back program the 911 attacks on the World Trade Center were not the result of terrorist activity ... He said the story was a conspiracy that "didn't stand up" to scientific scrutiny ...

Famous quotes containing the words appearances and/or issues:

    Truth has scarce done so much good in the world as the false appearances of it have done hurt.
    François, Duc De La Rochefoucauld (1613–1680)

    The hard truth is that what may be acceptable in elite culture may not be acceptable in mass culture, that tastes which pose only innocent ethical issues as the property of a minority become corrupting when they become more established. Taste is context, and the context has changed.
    Susan Sontag (b. 1933)