Direct Democracy

Direct democracy is a form of democracy in which people vote on policy initiatives directly, as opposed to a representative democracy in which people vote for representatives who then vote on policy initiatives. Depending on the particular system in use, it might entail passing executive decisions, making laws, directly electing or dismissing officials and conducting trials. Two leading forms of direct democracy are participatory democracy and deliberative democracy.

Many countries that are representative democracies allow for three forms of political action that provide limited direct democracy: referendum (plebiscite), initiative, and recall. Referendums can include the ability to hold a binding vote on whether a given law should be rejected. This effectively grants the populace which holds suffrage a veto on a law adopted by the elected legislature (one nation to use this system is Switzerland). Initiatives, usually put forward by members of the general public, compel the consideration of laws (usually in a subsequent referendum) without the consent of the elected representatives, or even against their expressed opposition. Recalls give public the power to remove elected officials from office before the end of their term, although this is very rare in modern democracies. Writers with anarchist sympathies have argued that direct democracy is opposed to a strong central authority, as decision making power can only reside at one level – with the people themselves or with the central authority. Some of the most important modern thinkers who were inspired by the concept of direct democracy are Cornelius Castoriadis, Hannah Arendt, and Pierre Clastres.

Read more about Direct Democracy:  History, Democratic Reform Trilemma, Electronic Direct Democracy, Relation To Other Movements, In Schools, Contemporary Movements

Other articles related to "direct democracy, democracy, direct":

Political Blog - Examples - Switzerland
... In Switzerland, direct democracy has a long tradition ... Direct democracy can be defined as a form or system of democracy giving citizens an extraodinary amount of participation in the legislation process and ... The origins of Switzerland's modern system of Direct Democracy with formalized opinion polls and frequent referendums lie in the experimental phase of democracy in ...
True Democracy - Examples - United States
... Direct democracy was very much opposed by the framers of the United States Constitution and some signatories of the Declaration of Independence ... As a result, they advocated a representative democracy in the form of a constitutional republic over a direct democracy. 10 advocates a constitutional republic over direct democracy precisely to protect the individual from the will of the majority ...
Direct Democracy - Contemporary Movements
... Some notable contemporary movements working for direct democracy via direct democratic praxis include Abahlali baseMjondolo – South African shack dwellers ... Registered party proposing a liquid democracy system ... Occupy Movement and Occupy Wall Street ¡Democracia Real YA!Real Democracy NOW! Movement started from Spain ...
Democratic Liberalism
... Not to be confused with liberal democracy, democratic liberalism aims to reach a synthesis of democracy which is the participation of the people in the power, and the rational liberalism, which ... of Dignity that “ One important question concerns whether to have a direct democracy (in which citizens themselves propose and vote on laws) or a ... a large extent this question is settled by pragmatic considerations (direct democracies are better suited to small city-states than to today’s large ...

Famous quotes containing the words democracy and/or direct:

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    A fact is a proposition of which the verification by an appeal to the primary sources of our knowledge or to experience is direct and simple. A theory, on the other hand, if true, has all the characteristics of a fact except that its verification is possible only by indirect, remote, and difficult means.
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