There are two ways in Czech to write long : ú or ů.
Historically, long /ú/ changed into the diphthong /ou/ . In 1848 ou at the beginning of word-roots was changed into ú in words like ouřad. Thus, the letter ú is written at the beginning of words and word-roots only: úhel (angle), trojúhelník (triangle), except in loanwords: skútr (scooter).
Long /ó/ changed into the diphthong /uo/ . The letter o in the diphthong was sometimes written as a ring above the letter u: ů, e.g. kóň > kuoň > kůň (horse). Later, the pronunciation changed into but the grapheme /ů/ has remained. It is similar to German orthography change from ue into ü. It never occurs at the beginning of words: dům (house), domů (home, homeward).
Other articles related to "letter":
... The letter Ü is present in the Hungarian, Karelian, Turkish, Uyghur Latin script, Estonian, Azeri, Turkmen, Crimean Tatar and Tatar Latin alphabets, where it represents a close ... It is considered to be distinct letter, collated separately, and not considered a simple modification of U or Y ... This same letter appears in the Chinese romanizations pinyin, Wade-Giles, and the German-based Lessing-Othmer, where it represents the same sound e.g ...
Famous quotes containing the word letter:
“With the nippers to wheel round the houses
And the hall to paint in his old trousers
And that letter to her mother
Saying Wont you come for the summer.”
—Philip Larkin (19221986)