Cyclone Tracy

Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974. It is the most compact cyclone or equivalent-strength hurricane on record in the Australian basin, with gale-force winds extending only 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the centre and was the most compact system worldwide until 2008 when Tropical Storm Marco of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season broke the record, with gale-force winds extending only 19 kilometres (12 mi) from the centre. After forming over the Arafura Sea, the storm moved southwards and affected the city with Category 4 winds on the Australian cyclone intensity scale, while there is evidence to suggest that it had reached Category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale when it made landfall.

Tracy killed 71 people, caused A$837 million in damage (1974 dollars) and destroyed more than 70 percent of Darwin's buildings, including 80 percent of houses. Tracy left more than 41,000 out of the 47,000 inhabitants of the city homeless prior to landfall and required the evacuation of over 30,000 people. Most of Darwin's population was evacuated to Adelaide, Whyalla, Alice Springs and Sydney, and many never returned to the city. After the storm passed, the city was rebuilt using more modern materials and updated building techniques. Bruce Stannard of The Age stated that Cyclone Tracy was a "disaster of the first magnitude ... without parallel in Australia's history."

Read more about Cyclone TracyMeteorological History, Preparations, Impact

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History Of The Royal Australian Navy - Cold War - Cyclone Tracy
... During the morning of 25 December 1974, Tropical Cyclone Tracy struck the city of Darwin, killing 71 people and causing $4 billion of damage (1998 A$) ... In response to the cyclone, the RAN embarked upon Operation Navy Help Darwin the largest peacetime disaster relief operation in its history, involving 13 ships, 11 aircraft and some 3,000 ... When Tracy struck Darwin, the RAN had a total of 351 personnel based in the city, along with four Attack class patrol boats the small number of men limited the ...
Victoria Hotel, Darwin - History - Cyclone Tracy
... Day 1974, the hotel survived another direct hit by a cyclone, when Cyclone Tracy hit the city, which killed 71 people, destroyed or severely damaged 95 per cent of Darwin ... The cyclone left Darwin nearly uninhabitable, so it was not until 1978 when reconstruction of the hotel occurred, as housing took priority ... were minimal as it was still in generally good condition, despite the severity of Cyclone Tracy ...
Aftermath - Cyclone Tracy in Popular Culture
... Cyclone Tracy, because of its severity, has entered into the popular culture of Australia in a way that no other meteorological event has ever before, or has since ... under the command of Hideki Tojo during World War II to the damage done by Cyclone Tracy ... The much feared Japanese invasion never happened, but the cyclone was virtually ignored and ended up destroying the city ...

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