Cross-flow Filtration - Industrial Applications

Industrial Applications

Cross flow membrane filtration technology has been used widely in industry globally. Filtration membranes can be polymeric or ceramic, depending upon the application. The principles of cross-flow filtration are used in reverse osmosis, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration and microfiltration. When purifying water, it can be very cost effective in comparison to the traditional evaporation methods.

In protein purification, the term Tangential Flow Filtration (TFF) is used to describe cross-flow filtration with membranes. The process can be used at different stages during purification, depending on the type of membrane selected.

In the photograph of an industrial filtration unit (right), it is possible to see that the recycle pipework is considerably larger than either the feed pipework (vertical pipe on the right hand side) or the permeate pipework (small manifolds near to the rows of white clamps). These pipe sizes are directly related to the proportion of liquid flows through the unit. A dedicated pump is used to recycle the feed several times around the unit before the solids-rich retentate is transferred to the next part of the process.

Read more about this topic:  Cross-flow Filtration

Other articles related to "industrial applications, industrial, applications":

Migratory Insertion - Industrial Applications - Alkene Polymerization
... Industrial applications of alkene insertions include metal-catalyzed routes to polyethylene and polypropylene ...
SES Broadband - Application - Industrial Applications
... broadband can provide an Internet connection for industrial data acquisition and control applications, where reliability and security are paramount, to ensure a constant data flow ... For employment in industrial processes such as electricity generation, water management, refining, oil and natural gas drilling, automatic fabrication, and transportation, where use of ... The industrial implementation of SES Broadband allows for a SCADA network to be realized with an always-on, secure two-way satellite connection to the IP backbone, with a ...
Synthetic Diamond - Applications - Machining and Cutting Tools
... Most industrial applications of synthetic diamond have long been associated with their hardness this property makes diamond the ideal material for machine tools and cutting tools ... Common industrial applications of this ability include diamond-tipped drill bits and saws, and the use of diamond powder as an abrasive ... These are by far the largest industrial applications of synthetic diamond ...

Famous quotes containing the word industrial:

    I am convinced that ... we have reestablished confidence. Wages should remain stable. A very large degree of industrial unemployment and suffering which would otherwise have occurred has been prevented.
    Herbert Hoover (1874–1964)