Cotton Mill

A cotton mill is a factory that houses spinning and weaving machinery. Typically built between 1775 and 1930, mills spun cotton which was an important product during the Industrial Revolution.

Cotton mills, and the mechanisation of the spinning process, were instrumental in the growth of the machine tool industry, enabling the construction of larger cotton mills. The requirement for water helped stimulate the construction of the canal system, and the need for power the development of steam engines. Limited companies were developed to construct the mills. This led to the trading floors of the cotton exchange of Manchester, which in its turn created a vast commercial city. The mills also created additional employment, drawn largely from rural areas, leading to the expansion of local urban populations and the consequent need for additional housing. In response, mill towns with municipal governments were created. The mills provided independent incomes for girls and women. Child labour was used in the mills, and the factory system led to organised labour. Poor conditions in cotton mills became the subject of exposés, and in England, the Factory Acts were written to regulate them. The cotton mill was originally a Lancashire phenomenon that then was copied in New England and later in the southern states of America. In the 20th century, North West England lost its supremacy to the United States, then India and then China. In the 21st century, redundant mills have been accepted as part of a country's industrial heritage.

Cotton Manufacturing Processes (after Murray 1911)
Bale Breaker Blowing Room
Willowing
Breaker Scutcher Batting
Finishing Scutcher Lapping
Carding Carding Room
Silver Lap
Combing
Drawing
Slubbing
Intermediate
Roving Fine Roving
Mule Spinning - Ring Spinning Spinning
Reeling Doubling
Winding Bundling Bleaching
Winding
Warping Cabling
Sizing/Slashing/Dressing Gassing
Weaving Spooling
Cloth Yarn (Cheese)- - Bundle Sewing Thread

Read more about Cotton MillCotton Processing, History, Cotton Mill Design, Other Factors, Milltowns, Labour Conditions, Health of The Workers, Art and Literature

Other articles related to "mill, cotton mill, cotton mills, mills, cotton":

List Of Mills Owned By The Lancashire Cotton Corporation Limited - The 1950 Mills (E–J)
2.0963°W / 53.4114 -2.0963 ("Elder Mill, Romiley") Notes Elder Mill was powered by a 600 hp vertical cross compound engine by Daniel Adamson, installed in 1937 ... / 53.5431°N 2.6094°W / 53.5431 -2.6094 ("Empress Mill, Ince") 68 ... Notes Empress was a rare single storey spinning mill ... This was the last working spinning mill in Wigan Fox Hollinwood, Oldham 53°31′12″N 2°08′05″W / 53.5200°N 2.1346°W / 53.5200 -2.1346 ...
Mary Burns
... Burns worked in the Victoria cotton mill of "Ermen Engels", a big textile manufacturer partly owned by the Engels' family ... Germany (now Wuppertal), where they owned several cotton mills and factories ... Mary Burns was the daughter of Michael Burns or Byrne, a dyer in a cotton mill, and of Mary Conroy, the family could have lived off Deansgate ...
North Uxbridge, Massachusetts - Historic Features
... This village contains the Crown and Eagle Mills which was considered to be an architectural masterpiece of an early New England Mill village with worker housing and a ... This system of water powered mills, driven by dams, with spillways, and surrounded by mill villages, became known as "The Rhode Island System" ... North Uxbridge had other historic mills such as the Rivulet Mill or RIchard Sayles Mills, originally built by Chandler Taft in 1814, and the Clapp Mill (1810) ...
Paul Whitin - Pioneer of Industry
... from Northbridge and Leicester, established the Northbridge Cotton Manufacturing Company ... This wood-framed spinning mill, two and one-half stories high had 200 spindles and was only the third cotton mill in the Blackstone Valley at the time ... Then they built a second mill with 300 spindles on the opposite side of the Mumford River ...
Cotton Mill - Art and Literature
... William Blake Jerusalem - dark satanic mills ... Mrs Gaskell Mary Barton(1848), North and South (1855) L ...

Famous quotes containing the words mill and/or cotton:

    Up a lazy river by the old mill run, that lazy, lazy river in the noonday sun.
    Sidney Arodin, U.S. songwriter. “Lazy River,” Peer International Corp. (1931)

    The white American man makes the white American woman maybe not superfluous but just a little kind of decoration. Not really important to turning around the wheels of the state. Well the black American woman has never been able to feel that way. No black American man at any time in our history in the United States has been able to feel that he didn’t need that black woman right against him, shoulder to shoulder—in that cotton field, on the auction block, in the ghetto, wherever.
    Maya Angelou (b. 1928)