Constitutional Court

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court.

The first country to adopt a constitution which provided for a review of acts of parliament's constitutionality by a special court - the Constitutional Court, was Czechoslovakia (on February 2, 1920). Similar system was adopted later the same year in Austria, with the Austrian constitutional court being assembled for the first time actually a few months prior the Czechoslovak one; before that, only the U.S., Norway, and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

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... Country Name of Court(s) Albania Constitutional Court of Albania, Supreme Court of Albania Andorra Superior Court of Justice Austria Constitutional Court of Austria ...
Supreme Constitutional Court
... Supreme Constitutional Court can refer to Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt Supreme Constitutional Court of Syria ...
Supreme Constitutional Court Of Syria
... The Supreme Constitutional Court (Arabic المحكمة الدستورية العليا‎, Al-Mahkamah al-Dustūrīyah al-‘Ulyā) is the highest jurisdictional ... The Supreme Court was established under the 1973 Constitution to adjudicate electoral disputes, rule on the constitutionality of a law or decree challenged by the ... The High Constitutional Court is forbidden, however, to question the validity of the popularly approved "laws submitted by the President of the Republic to popular referendums." The court ...
Law Of Spain - Characteristics - Constitutional Control
... In Spain's case, a Constitutional Court exists, which follows the Kelsenian (or Austrian) model ... Following this doctrine, the constitutional court has two basic functions Ensuring all law is compatible with the Constitution ... In a case where an ordinary court questions a law, only the right of declaration is available, and it must go to the Constitutional Court with the question of constitutionality so that it can be ...
Constitutional Court - List
... Countries with separate constitutional courts include Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Central African Republic Chile Colombia Congo Dominican ...

Famous quotes containing the word court:

    We went on, feeding the hungry, giving drink to the thirsty, clothing the soldier, binding up his wounds, harboring the stranger, visiting the sick, ministering to the prisoner, and burying the dead, until that blessed day at Appomattox Court House relieved the strain.
    M. E. W. Sherwood (1826–1903)