Confidence And Security-building Measures
Confidence building measures (CBMs) or confidence and security building measures are actions taken to reduce fear of attack by both (or more) parties in a situation of tension with or without physical conflict. The term is most often used in the context of international politics, but is similar in logic to that of trust and interpersonal communication used to reduce conflictual situations among human individuals. CBMs emerged from attempts by the Cold War superpowers and their military alliances (the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the Warsaw Pact) to avoid nuclear war by accident or miscalculation. However, CBMs also exist at other levels of conflict situations, and in different regions of the world although they might not have been called CBMs.
Mathematically, this term assumes that a positive feedback model, where fear (and/or suspicion) of military attack or human rights violations is the positive feedback factor, is a valid model of the conflict. The actions which constitute confidence building measures provide a negative feedback to the conflict, which weakens, or possibly cancels or reverses the tension which would otherwise grow exponentially and eventually turn into a war.
Other articles related to "confidence, measures":
... An alternative analytic approach to understanding confidence building looks at broader process concepts rather than concentrating on specific measures ... finds its fullest expression in Confidence Building in the Arms Control Process A Transformation View (James Macintosh (Ottawa, Canada Department of ... Confidence Building in the Arms Control Process A Transformation View sees conventional understandings of confidence building as incomplete and focuses on why and how ...
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