Color - Physics

Physics

The colors of the visible light spectrum
color wavelength interval frequency interval
red ~ 700–635 nm ~ 430–480 THz
orange ~ 635–590 nm ~ 480–510 THz
yellow ~ 590–560 nm ~ 510–540 THz
green ~ 560–490 nm ~ 540–610 THz
blue ~ 490–450 nm ~ 610–670 THz
violet ~ 450–400 nm ~ 670–750 THz
Color, wavelength, frequency and energy of light
Color

(nm)

(THz)

(μm−1)

(eV)

(kJ mol−1)

Infrared >1000 <300 <1.00 <1.24 <120
Red 700 428 1.43 1.77 171
Orange 620 484 1.61 2.00 193
Yellow 580 517 1.72 2.14 206
Green 530 566 1.89 2.34 226
Blue 470 638 2.13 2.64 254
Violet 420 714 2.38 2.95 285
Near ultraviolet 300 1000 3.33 4.15 400
Far ultraviolet <200 >1500 >5.00 >6.20 >598

Electromagnetic radiation is characterized by its wavelength (or frequency) and its intensity. When the wavelength is within the visible spectrum (the range of wavelengths humans can perceive, approximately from 390 nm to 750 nm), it is known as "visible light".

Most light sources emit light at many different wavelengths; a source's spectrum is a distribution giving its intensity at each wavelength. Although the spectrum of light arriving at the eye from a given direction determines the color sensation in that direction, there are many more possible spectral combinations than color sensations. In fact, one may formally define a color as a class of spectra that give rise to the same color sensation, although such classes would vary widely among different species, and to a lesser extent among individuals within the same species. In each such class the members are called metamers of the color in question.

Read more about this topic:  Color

Other articles related to "physics":

Physics - Current Research
... information List of unsolved problems in physics Research in physics is continually progressing on a large number of fronts ... In condensed matter physics, an important unsolved theoretical problem is that of high-temperature superconductivity ... In particle physics, the first pieces of experimental evidence for physics beyond the Standard Model have begun to appear ...
Information - As A Property in Physics
... Information has a well-defined meaning in physics ... Bekenstein claimed that a growing trend in physics was to define the physical world as being made of information itself (and thus information is defined in this way) (see Digital physics) ...
Whistled Language - Physics
... In a non-tonal language, segments may be differentiated as follows Vowels are replaced by a set of relative pitch ranges generally tracking the f2 formant of spoken language ... Stress is expressed by higher pitch or increased length Consonants are produced by pitch transitions of different lengths and height, plus the presence or absence of occlusion ...
Institute For Theoretical And Experimental Physics
... The Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP Russian Институт теоретической и экспериментальной физики) is ... of people studying topics ranging from theoretical physics and mathematics to biology and chemistry ... Research areas in theoretical physics concentrate around quantum field theory including the string theory ...
Indeterminism - Science - Classical and Relativistic Physics
... The idea that Newtonian physics proved causal determinism was highly influential in the early modern period ... For instance, Newtonian physics admits solutions where particles accelerate continuously, heading out towards infinity ...

Famous quotes containing the word physics:

    Now the twitching stops. Now you are still. We are through with physiology and theology, physics begins.
    Alfred Döblin (1878–1957)

    The pace of science forces the pace of technique. Theoretical physics forces atomic energy on us; the successful production of the fission bomb forces upon us the manufacture of the hydrogen bomb. We do not choose our problems, we do not choose our products; we are pushed, we are forced—by what? By a system which has no purpose and goal transcending it, and which makes man its appendix.
    Erich Fromm (1900–1980)

    We must be physicists in order ... to be creative since so far codes of values and ideals have been constructed in ignorance of physics or even in contradiction to physics.
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)