Cognitive psychology is a subdiscipline of psychology exploring internal mental processes. It is the study of how people perceive, remember, think, speak, and solve problems.
cognitive psychology differs from previous psychological approaches in two key ways.
- It accepts the use of the scientific method, and generally rejects introspection as a valid method of investigation - in contrast with such approaches as Freudian psychology.
- It explicitly acknowledges the existence of internal mental states (such as belief, desire, idea, knowledge and motivation).
In its early years, critics held that the empiricism of cognitive psychology was incompatible with its acceptance of internal mental states. However, the sibling field of cognitive neuroscience has provided evidence of physiological brain states that directly correlate with mental states - thus providing support for the central assumption of cognitive psychology.
The school of thought arising from this approach is known as cognitivism. Cognitive psychology has also influenced the area of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) where the combination of cognitive and behavioral psychology are used to treat a patient.
Other articles related to "psychology, mental, cognitive, states, state":
... The Web Experimental Psychology Lab is a website for participating in Web-based experiments, a method used in experimental psychology ... The Web Experimental Psychology Lab was founded in 1995, by Ulf-Dietrich Reips at the University of Tübingen, and is now at the University of Zürich ... Researchers at New York University are currently conducting an innovative psychology and law study that uses video of a criminal trial ...
... The practice of clinical psychology is based on an understanding of the scientific method and behavioral science ... The focus of the Doctor of Psychology training model is on the application of this knowledge for direct clinical intervention ... This includes the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness, as well as cognitive and emotional impairments in which psychological approaches may be of use ...
... Main article Critical psychology Critical psychology is a sub-discipline aimed at evaluating mainstream psychology and attempts to apply psychology in more ... One of critical psychology's main objections to conventional psychology is that it ignores the way power differences between social classes and groups can affect the mental and physical well-being ... Key elements within critical psychology include the study of power relations, situated knowledge, and the dualisms of the self and the agency, and the individual and the social ...
... the country, especially the Midwestern United States (Great Plains area) ... of Oklahoma, he moved to Portland, Oregon, where he continued his education at Portland State University, earning a degree in mathematics ... He went on to study what he called "the psychology of mystical experience" at the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology in Palo Alto and the California Institute of ...
Famous quotes containing the words states, mental, cognitive and/or psychology:
“The genius of the United States is not best or most in its executives or legislatures, nor in its ambassadors or authors or colleges, or churches, or parlors, nor even in its newspapers or inventors, but always most in the common people.”
—Walt Whitman (18191892)
“Cultivate the habit of thinking ahead, and of anticipating the necessary and immediate consequences of all your actions.... Likewise in your pleasures, ask yourself what such and such an amusement leads to, as it is essential to have an objective in everything you do. Any pastime that contributes nothing to bodily strength or to mental alertness is a totally ridiculous, not to say, idiotic, pleasure.”
—Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Chesterfield (16941773)
“While each child is born with his or her own distinct genetic potential for physical, social, emotional and cognitive development, the possibilities for reaching that potential remain tied to early life experiences and the parent-child relationship within the family.”
—Bernice Weissbourd (20th century)
“Whatever else American thinkers do, they psychologize, often brilliantly. The trouble is that psychology only takes us so far. The new interest in families has its merits, but it will have done us all a disservice if it turns us away from public issues to private matters. A vision of things that has no room for the inner life is bankrupt, but a psychology without social analysis or politics is both powerless and very lonely.”
—Joseph Featherstone (20th century)