Cloning

Cloning in biology is the process of producing similar populations of genetically identical individuals that occurs in nature when organisms such as bacteria, insects or plants reproduce asexually. Cloning in biotechnology refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organisms. The term also refers to the production of multiple copies of a product such as digital media or software.

The term clone is derived from the Ancient Greek word κλών (klōn, “twig”), referring to the process whereby a new plant can be created from a twig. In horticulture, the spelling clon was used until the twentieth century; the final e came into use to indicate the vowel is a "long o" instead of a "short o". Since the term entered the popular lexicon in a more general context, the spelling clone has been used exclusively.

In botany, the term lusus was traditionally used.

In the United States, the human consumption of meat and other products from cloned animals was approved by the FDA on December 28, 2006, with no special labeling required. Such practice has met strong resistance in other regions, such as Europe, particularly over the labeling issue.

Read more about Cloning:  Molecular Cloning, Organism Cloning, In Science Fiction

Other articles related to "cloning":

American Anti-Vivisection Society - Campaigns - Animal Cloning
... concern of the organization is that of animal cloning ... Animal cloning has a 1 to 4 percent success rate, meaning that 96 to 99 percent of animals attempting to be cloned die or are never fully created ... With cloning animals for consumer use, this brings into question the potential for human cloning and the government’s ethical standpoint on such an idea ...
Samuel H. Wood - Cloning
... study of nuclear transfer stem cells (NTSC), also known as human therapeutic cloning, was withdrawn when the principal author's claims were called into question due to falsified data and ... using the technology for reproductive cloning would be both unethical and illegal ...
Steps in Molecular Cloning - Preparation of DNA To Be Cloned
... For cloning of genomic DNA, the DNA to be cloned is extracted from the organism of interest ... of specific DNA or RNA (RT-PCR) sequences prior to molecular cloning ... DNA for cloning experiments may also be obtained from RNA using reverse transcriptase (complementary DNA or cDNA cloning), or in the form of synthetic DNA (art ...
Swipe (comics) - "Cloning"
... Though not technically swiping, some artists have made a career "cloning" other artists ... Industry veteran Dick Giordano maintained that cloning is not only acceptable, but actually preferable, when an artist fills in for a regular artist on a title ...
Cloning - In Science Fiction
... Cloning has been used in countless science fiction works throughout the years ... Human cloning is usually most popular, mainly due to fact that it brings up controversial questions of identity ... For example, in Aldous Huxley’s prescient novel Brave New World (1932), human cloning is a major plot device that not only drives the story along but also makes the reader think critically about what identity ...

Famous quotes containing the word cloning:

    Language is as real, as tangible, in our lives as streets, pipelines, telephone switchboards, microwaves, radioactivity, cloning laboratories, nuclear power stations.
    Adrienne Rich (b. 1929)