Cider

Cider or cyder ( /ˈsaɪdər/ SY-dər) is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from fruit juice, most commonly and traditionally apple juice, but also the juice of peaches or other fruit. Cider varies in alcohol content from 2% ABV to 8.5% or more in traditional English ciders. In some regions, such as Germany and United States, cider may be called "apple wine".

In the United States and Canada, "hard cider" usually refers to the alcoholic beverage discussed in this article, while "cider" may refer to non-alcoholic apple cider. When sugar or extra fruit has been added and a secondary fermentation increases the alcoholic strength, a cider is classified as "apple wine".

Cider may be made from any variety of apple, but certain cultivars grown solely for use in cider are known as cider apples. Cider is popular in the United Kingdom, especially in South West England and East Anglia. The United Kingdom has the highest per capita consumption of cider, as well as the largest cider-producing companies in the world, including H. P. Bulmer, the largest. As of 2006, the UK produces 600 million litres of cider each year (130 million imperial gallons). Much cider today is made from apple pulp rather than fresh apples and may contain added sweeteners or flavours.

The beverage is also popular and traditional in some European countries as Ireland and the French regions of Brittany (chistr) and Normandy (cidre); In Spain it is especially popular in the Principality of Asturias (sidra) although it can also be found in the Basque Country (sagardo) and Galicia (sidra); Germany is another country where cider is drunk, above all in Rheinland-Pfalz, Hessen (Frankfurt am Main). Argentina is also a cider-producing and drinking country, especially the provinces of Río Negro and Mendoza. Australia also produces cider, particularly on the island of Tasmania, which has a strong apple-growing tradition.

Pear cider is used as an alternative name for perry in the marketing of some producers products.

Read more about Cider:  Appearance and Types of Cider, Cider Festivals, Uses of Cider, Related Drinks, Cider By Country

Other articles related to "cider":

Sagardotegi
... A sagardotegi (pronounced ) is a type of cider house found in the Basque Country ... Modern sagardotegis can broadly be described as a cross between a steakhouse and a cider house ... Most Basque cider, like most cider varieties in Spain, is called "natural" because, unlike many other European varieties, it is still, instead of sparkling ...
Cider By Country - United States
... During colonial times apple cider was consumed as the main beverage with meals because water was often unsafe for drinking ... Ciderkin, a slightly alcoholic beverage made from cider pomace, could also be found on colonial tables ... Sometime after Prohibition the word cider came to mean unfiltered, unfermented apple juice ...
Sagardotegi - Basque Cider - Legislation
... Curiously, cider is mentioned in the medieval fueros of Gipuzkoa Se prohíbe también la introducción de sidra extranjera, a menos que esto se haga después de ... Currently, Basque cider makers are trying to attain some form of protected label such as the DOP (Denominación de Origen), IGP (Indicación Geográfica Protegida ... No specific Basque legislation exists surrounding cider but there is national Spanish legislation which states defines natural cider as la sidra elaborada siguiendo las prácticas tradicionales, sin adición ...
Alcoholic Beverages - Definitions - Fermented Beverages
... Cider In the United States and Canada, cider often means unfermented apple juice (sometimes called sweet cider), and fermented apple juice is called hard cider ... In the United Kingdom and Australia, cider refers to the alcoholic beverage ...
Sagardotegi - Linked Traditions
... A musical tradition closely related to cider production is the instrument called txalaparta ... The boards employed in the cider press were used as a percussion instrument by striking on them with cylindrical sticks after the cider making had finished to summon the neighbours to a celebration and to drink ... Popular belief held that cider was good for pregnant women ...