Church Fathers

The Church Fathers, Early Church Fathers, Christian Fathers, or Fathers of the Church were early, often influential theologians, some of which included eminent Christian teachers and great bishops. Their scholarly works were used as a precedent for centuries to come. The term is used of writers or teachers of the Church, not necessarily "saints", and not necessarily ordained, though many are honoured as saints in the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran Churches, as well as in some other Christian groups.

Two notable Church Fathers, Origen Adamantius and Tertullian, were never canonized as saints by the Catholic Church. Origen, though the seminal influence on the Greek Church, expressed views on the pre-existence, transmigration, and apokatastasis of souls that were later condemned as heretical, while Tertullian, generally credited with one of the first lucid and theologically sound Trinitarian formulations and an orthodox Catholic Christian, adopted later in life some of the beliefs and practices of the heretical Montanist sect.

Read more about Church FathersApostolic Fathers, Greek Fathers, Other Fathers, Modern Positions, Patristics

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Famous quotes containing the words fathers and/or church:

    I know what say the fathers wise,—
    The Book itself before me lies,
    Old Chrysostom, best Augustine.
    Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

    The legacies that parents and church and teachers left to my generation of Black children were priceless but not material: a living faith reflected in daily service, the discipline of hard work and stick-to-itiveness, and a capacity to struggle in the face of adversity.
    Marian Wright Edelman (20th century)