Che Guevara

Che Guevara

Ernesto "Che" Guevara (; May 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as el Che or simply Che, was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, physician, author, guerrilla leader, diplomat, and military theorist. A major figure of the Cuban Revolution, his stylized visage has become a ubiquitous countercultural symbol of rebellion and global insignia within popular culture.

As a young medical student, Guevara traveled throughout South America and was moved by the poverty, hunger, and disease he witnessed. His burgeoning desire to help overturn what he saw as the capitalist exploitation of Latin America by the United States prompted his involvement in Guatemala's social reforms under President Jacobo Arbenz, whose eventual CIA-assisted overthrow at the behest of the United Fruit Company solidified Guevara's political ideology. Later, while living in Mexico City, he met Raúl and Fidel Castro, joined their 26th of July Movement, and sailed to Cuba aboard the yacht, Granma, with the intention of overthrowing U.S.-backed Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista. Guevara soon rose to prominence among the insurgents, was promoted to second-in-command, and played a pivotal role in the victorious two-year guerrilla campaign that deposed the Batista regime.

Following the Cuban Revolution, Guevara performed a number of key roles in the new government. These included reviewing the appeals and firing squads for those convicted as war criminals during the revolutionary tribunals, instituting agrarian land reform as minister of industries, helping spearhead a successful nationwide literacy campaign, serving as both national bank president and instructional director for Cuba’s armed forces, and traversing the globe as a diplomat on behalf of Cuban socialism. Such positions also allowed him to play a central role in training the militia forces who repelled the Bay of Pigs Invasion and bringing the Soviet nuclear-armed ballistic missiles to Cuba which precipitated the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. Additionally, he was a prolific writer and diarist, composing a seminal manual on guerrilla warfare, along with a best-selling memoir about his youthful continental motorcycle journey. His experiences and studying of Marxism–Leninism led him to posit that the Third World's underdevelopment and dependence was an intrinsic result of imperialism, neocolonialism, and monopoly capitalism, with the only remedy being proletarian internationalism and world revolution. In lieu of this, Guevara left Cuba in 1965 to foment revolution abroad, first unsuccessfully in Congo-Kinshasa and later in Bolivia, where he was captured by CIA-assisted Bolivian forces and summarily executed.

Guevara remains both a revered and reviled historical figure, polarized in the collective imagination in a multitude of biographies, memoirs, essays, documentaries, songs, and films. As a result of his perceived martyrdom, poetic invocations for class struggle, and desire to create the consciousness of a "new man" driven by moral rather than material incentives, he has evolved into a quintessential icon of various leftist-inspired movements. Time magazine named him one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, while an Alberto Korda photograph of him entitled Guerrillero Heroico (shown), was cited by the Maryland Institute College of Art as "the most famous photograph in the world".

Read more about Che GuevaraEarly Life, Guatemala, Árbenz and United Fruit, Mexico City and Preparation, International Diplomacy, Congo, Bolivia, Post-execution and Memorial, Legacy, Timeline, List of English Works

Other articles related to "che guevara, guevara, che":

Legacy Of Che Guevara - Pop Culture Icon
... Further information Che Guevara in popular culture On the 40th anniversary of Guevara's execution in Bolivia the compilation Che in Verse brought together a diverse collection of 135 poems and songs ... In September 2007, Guevara was voted "Argentina's greatest historical and political figure." "Che Guevara - hero of the Cuban Revolution, left-wing icon and the ... in guerrilla warfare, and a thoughtful philosopher who died young for his cause, Guevara has always been the revolutionaries' revolutionary ...
Bibliography Of Che Guevara
... Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14, 1928–October 9, 1967), was an Argentine Marxist revolutionary, politician, author, intellectual, physician, military ... a thousand years and a million pages to write Che's biography." What follows is an extensive list of English language works related to Che Guevara, excluding books written by Guevara himself ...
CIA Activities In Cuba - Communist Regime
... made, especially under the leadership of Che Guevara ... In a letter read by Fidel Castro, on Che Guevara bids a "Farewell", resigns from all of his official positions within the Cuban government ... The letter, which Che apparently never intended to be made public, states that "I have fulfilled the part of my duty that tied me to the Cuban revolution...and I say goodbye to you, to the comrades ...
Che Guevara - List of English Works
... Originally written in Spanish by Ernesto "Che" Guevara, later translated into English A New Society Reflections for Today's World, Ocean Press, 1996, ISBN 1-875284-06-0 Back on the Road A Journey Through Latin America, Grove Press, 2002, ISBN 0-8021-3942-6 Che Guevara, Cuba, and the Road to Socialism, Pathfinder Press, 1991, ISBN 0-87348-643-9 Che Guevara on Global Justice, Ocean Press (AU), 2002, ISBN 1-876175-45-1 Che Guevara Radical Writings on Guerrilla Warfare, Politics and Revolution, Filiquarian Publishing, 2006, ISBN 1-59986-999-3 Che Guevara Reader Writings on Politics Revolution, Ocean Press, 2003, ISBN 1-876175-69-9 Che Guevara Speaks Selected Speeches and Writings, Pathfinder Press (NY), 1980, ISBN 0-87348-602-1 Che Guevara Talks to Young People, Pathfinder, 2000, ISBN 0-87348-911-X Che The Diaries of Ernesto Che Guevara, Ocean Press (AU), 2008, ISBN 1-920888-93-4 Colonialism is Doomed, Ministry of External Relations Republic of Cuba, 1964, ASIN B0010AAN1K Congo Diary The Story of Che Guevara's "Lost" Year in Africa Ocean Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0980429299 Critical Notes on Political Economy A Revolutionary Humanist Approach to Marxist Economics, Ocean Press, 2008, ISBN 1-876175-55-9 Diary of a Combatant From the Sierra Maestra to Santa Clara (Cuba 1956-58) Ocean Press, 2012, ISBN 978-0987077943 Episodes of the Cuban Revolutionary War, 1956–58, Pathfinder Press (NY), 1996, ISBN 0-87348-824-5 Guerrilla Warfare Authorized Edition, Ocean Press, 2006, ISBN 1-920888-28-4 Latin America Awakening of a Continent, Ocean Press, 2005, ISBN 1-876175-73-7 Latin America Diaries The Sequel to The Motorcycle Diaries, Ocean Press, 2011, ISBN 978-0980429275 Marx Engels An Introduction, Ocean Press, 2007, ISBN 1-920888-92-6 Our America And Theirs Kennedy And The Alliance For Progress, Ocean Press, 2006, ISBN 1-876175-81-8 Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War Authorized Edition, Ocean Press, 2005, ISBN 1-920888-33-0 Self Portrait Che Guevara, Ocean Press (AU), 2004, ISBN 1-876175-82-6 Socialism and Man in Cuba, Pathfinder Press (NY), 1989, ISBN 0-87348-577-7 The African Dream The Diaries of the Revolutionary War in the Congo, Grove Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8021-3834-9 The Argentine, Ocean Press (AU), 2008, ISBN 1-920888-93-4 The Awakening of Latin America Writings, Letters and Speeches on Latin America, 1950-67, Ocean Press, 2012, ISBN 978-0980429282 The Bolivian Diary of Ernesto Che Guevara, Pathfinder Press, 1994, ISBN 0-87348-766-4 The Great Debate on Political Economy, Ocean Press, 2006, ISBN 1-876175-54-0 The Motorcycle Diaries A Journey Around South America, London Verso, 1996, ISBN 1-85702-399-4 The Secret Papers of a Revolutionary The Diary of Che Guevara, American Reprint Co, 1975, ASIN B0007GW08W To Speak the Truth Why Washington's "Cold War" Against Cuba Doesn't End, Pathfinder, 1993, ISBN 0-87348-633-1. ...
List Of Baki The Grappler Characters - Hanma Baki Characters
... Jun Gebaru/'Che' Guevara (純・ゲバル?) - In the 'Son of Ogre' series, an 'alternative universe' version of the famous Che Guevara exists ... This Edwardo 'Che' Guevara is a former pirate of the high seas who went on to found his own sovereign nation of 'La Serna' ... His appearance is nearly identical to the real Guevara as seen in the classic photograph, and he is one of the three strongest men in the entire world, along with ...

Famous quotes containing the word guevara:

    When asked whether or not we are Marxists, our position is the same as that of a physicist or a biologist who is asked if he is a “Newtonian” or if he is a “Pasteurian.”
    —Ernesto “Che” Guevara (1928–67)