Channel Tunnel

The Channel Tunnel (French: Le tunnel sous la Manche; also referred to as the Chunnel) is a 50.5-kilometre (31.4 mi) undersea rail tunnel linking Folkestone, Kent, in the United Kingdom with Coquelles, Pas-de-Calais, near Calais in northern France beneath the English Channel at the Strait of Dover. At its lowest point, it is 75 m (250 ft) deep. At 37.9 kilometres (23.5 mi), the Channel Tunnel possesses the longest undersea portion of any tunnel in the world, although the Seikan Tunnel in Japan is both longer overall at 53.85 kilometres (33.46 mi) and deeper at 240 metres (790 ft) below sea level.

The tunnel carries high-speed Eurostar passenger trains, Eurotunnel Shuttle roll-on/roll-off vehicle transport—the largest in the world—and international rail freight trains. The tunnel connects end-to-end with the LGV Nord and High Speed 1 high-speed railway lines.

Ideas for a cross-Channel fixed link appeared as early as 1802, but British political and press pressure over compromised national security stalled attempts to construct a tunnel. The eventual successful project, organised by Eurotunnel, began construction in 1988 and opened in 1994. The project came in 80% over its predicted budget. Since its construction, the tunnel has faced several problems. Fires have disrupted operation of the tunnel. Illegal immigrants and asylum seekers have attempted to use the tunnel to enter the UK, causing a minor diplomatic disagreement over the siting of the Sangatte refugee camp, which was eventually closed in 2002.

Read more about Channel TunnelEngineering, Terminals, Regional Impact

Other articles related to "channel tunnel, tunnel, tunnels":

Channel Tunnel Rail Link - Operators - Future Operations - Deutsche Bahn
... national train company, had applied to use the Channel Tunnel and High Speed 1 into London ... This was denied by Deutsche Bahn, and the bi-national Channel Tunnel Safety Authority confirmed that it had not received such an application ... Bahn's fleet of ICE 3M high-speed trains could not be divided in the tunnel in an emergency ...
September 2008 In Rail Transport - Events - September 7 - September 13
... September 11 – Channel Tunnel fire lasted for sixteen hours and reached temperatures of up to 1000°C fourteen people suffered minor injuries, including smoke inhalation ... September 13 Wikinews has related news Channel Tunnel between France and Britain resumes limited service after major fire – Limited services resume through the Channel Tunnel following a fire from ... Of the two tunnels, only the South tunnel has been reopened to the trains that run the route, the blaze having seriously damaged the North tunnel ...
Channel Tunnel - Incidents - Safety
... The Channel Tunnel Safety Authority is responsible for some aspects of safety regulation in the tunnel it reports to the IGC ... Channel Tunnel safety Legend Northbound running tunnel Service tunnel Southbound running tunnel Emergency door every 375m The service tunnel is used for access to technical equipment ... The Service Tunnel Transport System (STTS) allows fast access to all areas of the tunnel ...
Examples of Motorail Services - Channel Tunnel
... The Eurotunnel Shuttle operates though the Channel Tunnel between France and the United Kingdom ...
Treaty Of Canterbury
... is the original document providing for the existing undersea tunnel between the two countries ... The Anglo-French Treaty on the Channel Tunnel was signed by both governments in Canterbury cathedral ... for monitoring all matters associated with the construction and operation of the Tunnel on behalf of the British and French governments, together with a Safety Authority to advise ...

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