Cesare Battisti (born 1954)
Cesare Battisti (born 18 December 1954) is an italian former member of the Armed Proletarians for Communism, a far-left militant and terrorist group which committed acts of illegality and crimes in Italy during the period known as "anni di piombo". Sentenced for 4 homicides (2 policemen, 1 jeweler and 1 butcher) to life sentence in Italy. Currently he's a writer and he lives as a free man in Brazil: after he flew to France and Mexico became a fiction author and writing 15 books.
Battisti was sentenced to 12 years under the charge of participating in an armed group and of the material killing of 2 people and being the mandate for other 2 homicides. He fled to France, where he received protection under the Mitterrand doctrine. Later, he was tried in absentia based on testimony in Pietro Mutti's trial implicating him in four assassinations, bringing the total of charges against him to 36. He was given a sentence of life in prison. After the de facto repeal of the Mitterrand doctrine in 2002, Battisti entered in Brazil with fake documents to avoid a possible extradition.
He was arrested in Rio de Janeiro on 18 March 2007 by Brazilian and French police officers. Later, Brazilian Minister of Justice Tarso Genro granted him the status of political refugee, in a controversial decision which was much criticized in Italy, whereas divided Brazilian and international press opinion. On 5 February 2009, the European Parliament adopted a resolution in support of Italy and held a minute of silence in memory to Battisti's victims. On 18 November 2009, the Brazilian Supreme Court considered the refugee status illegal and allowed extradition, but also stated that the Brazilian constitution gives the president personal powers to deny the extradition if he chooses to, effectively putting the final decision in the hands of Brazilian President Luiz InĂˇcio Lula da Silva. On 31 December 2010, Lula's last effective day as president, the decision not to allow extradition was officially announced.
Battisti was released on 9 June 2011 from prison after the Brazilian Constitutional Court denied Italy's request to extradite him. Italy plans to appeal to the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
Read more about Cesare Battisti (born 1954): Youth and PAC Membership, First Trial and Escape, Second Trial, Battisti's Return To France, A Diplomatic Dispute Between France and Italy, Arrest in France, Asylum in Brazil, Public Opinion
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... CesareBattisti denied having committed any of the murders he has been sentenced for ... A movement claiming Battistis innocence is active in the media and in public opinion especially in France) ... Among the most vocal supporters of Battisti writers Fred Vargas,Valerio Evangelisti and Bernard-Henri LĂvy consider that the trials conducted in Italy were marked by irregularities ...