Cell Cycle

The cell cycle, or cell-division cycle, is the series of events that take place in a cell leading to its division and duplication (replication). In cells without a nucleus (prokaryotic), the cell cycle occurs via a process termed binary fission. In cells with a nucleus (eukaryotes), the cell cycle can be divided in two periods: interphase—during which the cell grows, accumulating nutrients needed for mitosis and duplicating its DNA—and the mitosis (M) phase, during which the cell splits itself into two distinct cells, often called "daughter cells" and the final phase, cytokinesis, where the new cell is completely divided. The cell-division cycle is a vital process by which a single-celled fertilized egg develops into a mature organism, as well as the process by which hair, skin, blood cells, and some internal organs are renewed.

Read more about Cell CyclePhases, Regulation of Eukaryotic Cell Cycle, Checkpoints, Role in Tumor Formation, Synchronization of Cell Cultures

Other articles related to "cell cycle, cell, cycle, cells":

Role of Sic1 in The Cell Cycle Control
... In the G1 phase of the cell cycle, Sic1 binds tightly to the Cdc28-Clb complex and inhibits it ... At the START point in the yeast cell cycle, the G1-cyclins Cln3, Cln1 and Cln 2 activate Cdc28 ... Sic1 is degraded, the Cdc28-Clb complex is no longer inhibited and the cell can enter the S/M-phase ...
Cell Cycle - Synchronization of Cell Cultures
... methods can be used to synchronise cell cultures by halting the cell cycle at a particular phase ... and treatment with thymidine or aphidicolin halt the cell in the G1 phase, mitotic shake-off, treatment with colchicine and treatment with nocodazole halt the cell in M phase and ... In addition, partial cell division cycle synchrony can be achieved in budding yeast as a consequence of metabolic synchrony ...
Cell-cycle Nonspecific Antineoplastic Agents
... Cell-cycle nonspecific antineoplastic agents (CCNS) refer to a class of pharmaceuticals that act as antitumor agents at all or any phases of the cell cycle ...
Mir-26 Micro RNA Precursor Family - MiR-26a Roles
... Smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation miRNA-26a is found to be significantly upregulated during SMC differentiation and downregulated in abdominal aortic ... miR-26a has been found to induce cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells, in part through direct downregulation of cyclin D2 and cyclin E2 ... of miR-26a brings about negative regulation of both cell proliferation and of the cell cycle ...
SKP2 - Structure and Function - Role in Cell Cycle Regulation
... Progression through the cell cycle is tightly regulated by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), and their interactions with cyclins and CDK inhibitors (CKIs) ... of these signals oscillate during each stage of the cell cycle due to periodic proteolysis the ubiquitin-proteasome system mediates the degradation of these ... component of the SCFSkp2 complex, which targets cell cycle control elements, such as p27 and p21 ...

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