A ceiling /ˈsiːlɪŋ/ is an overhead interior surface that covers the upper limit of a room. It is generally not a structural element, but a finished surface concealing the underside of the floor or roof structure above.
Ceilings are classified according to their appearance or construction. A cathedral ceiling is any tall ceiling area similar to those in a church. A dropped ceiling is one in which the finished surface is constructed anywhere from a few inches to several feet below the structure above it. This may be done for aesthetic purposes, such as achieving a desirable ceiling height; or practical purposes such as providing a space for HVAC or piping. An inverse of this would be a raised floor. A concave or barrel shaped ceiling is curved or rounded, usually for visual or acoustical value, while a coffered ceiling is divided into a grid of recessed square or octagonal panels, also called a lacunar ceiling. A cove ceiling uses a curved plaster transition between wall and ceiling; it is named for cove molding, a molding with a concave curve.
Ceilings have frequently been decorated with fresco painting, mosaic tiles and other surface treatments. While hard to execute (at least in place) a decorated ceiling has the advantage that it is largely protected from damage by fingers and dust. In the past, however, this was more than compensated for by the damage from smoke from candles or a fireplace. Many historic buildings have celebrated ceilings. Perhaps the most famous is the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo.
Painted ceiling, "Icarus", by Rainer Maria Latzke (c. 1986), Chateau Thal, Belgium
The ceiling of Wells Cathedral, England
Ceiling of Lotfollah Mosque, Iran
Ceiling paintings of Einsiedeln Abbey in Switzerland
Highly decorated Moorish-style ceiling in Agadir, Morocco
demonstrative reconstruction of a Roman suspended ceiling in an Imperial palace of c. AD 306 at Trier
Ceiling at the United States Library of Congress
The interior of the Sistine Chapel in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, showing the ceiling in relation to the other frescoes.
Read more about Ceiling: Fire-resistance Rated Ceilings
Other articles related to "ceiling, ceilings":
... The most common ceiling that contributes to fire-resistance ratings in commercial and residential construction is the dropped ceiling ... In the case of a dropped ceiling, the rating is achieved by the entire system, which is both the structure above, from which the ceilings is suspended, which could be a ... Between the structure that the dropped ceiling is suspended from and the dropped membrane, such as a T-bar ceiling or a layer of drywall, there is often some room ...
... The ceiling and the walls display typical Egyptian images ... can be found at the Alhambra, whereas the motives on the ceiling are a faithful reproduction of the ceiling in the church Alkalda de Heinares ... of castle Třebíč, Czech Republic the Roman Renaissance classroom with a replica of the ceiling of the Palazzo Massimo in Rome the Baroque classroom with its ...
... A ceiling or cloud ceiling means the height above the Earth's surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as broken, overcast, or obscuration, and not classified as thin or partial ... A ceiling listed as "unlimited" means that the sky is clear or is free of any substantial cloud cover ... Ceiling is reported as part of the METAR (METeorological Aviation Report) used for flight planning by pilots worldwide ...
... Ceiling may refer to one of the following Ceiling, the upper surface of a room Ceiling function in mathematics Glass ceiling a barrier to advancement of a qualified person Ceiling (aircraft ...
... To overcome the directional limitations of in-wall/in-ceiling speakers, Haase, Burkhardt and Francisco invented and patented the AIM speaker technology fully represented in SpeakerCraft ... AIM in-ceiling speakers pivot in a patented ball-and-socket arrangement toward the listener while recessed in the ceiling and in the wall they move side to side and AIM torward the listening area ...
Famous quotes containing the word ceiling:
“Spooky things happen in houses densely occupied by adolescent boys. When I checked out a four-inch dent in the living room ceiling one afternoon, even the kid still holding the baseball bat looked genuinely baffled about how he possibly could have done it.”
—Mary Kay Blakely (20th century)
“What made the ceiling waterproof?
Landors tarpaulin on the roof.”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)