Caldera

A caldera is a cauldron-like volcanic feature usually formed by the collapse of land following a volcanic eruption. They are sometimes confused with volcanic craters. The word comes from Spanish caldera, and this from Latin, meaning "cooking pot". In some texts the English term cauldron is also used.

In 1815, the German geologist Leopold von Buch visited the Las Cañadas caldera of Teide on Tenerife, and the Caldera de Taburiente on La Palma, both in the Canary Islands. When he published his memoirs he introduced the term caldera into the geological vocabulary.

Read more about Caldera:  Caldera Formation, Extraterrestrial Calderas, Mineralization, List of Volcanic Calderas, Erosion Calderas

Other articles related to "caldera, calderas":

Laguna Caldera
... Laguna Caldera is located southeast of Manila ... The caldera, whose lake surface is only 1m above sea level, may have formed at least two major eruptions of about 1 million and 27,000-29,000 years ago ... Laguna Caldera looking east Laguna Caldera looking south-east Laguna Caldera looking south Laguna Caldera looking west Laguna Caldera looking northwest ...
Sachs Patera
... Defined as a sag-caldera, Sachs is an elliptical depression 130 meters (81 feet) in depth, spanning 40 kilometers (25 mi) in width along its longest axis ... (6 to 16 miles) long give the caldera its flower-like appearance ... This is unlike calderas on Earth, where a rim of lava builds up in the immediate vicinity of the caldera ...
Springdale Caldera
... The Springdale Caldera is a large Early Silurian caldera in west-central Newfoundland, Canada ... It is one of the few calderas in Newfoundland that form a large Silurian age volcanic field and consists of basalt, andesite, rhyolite, pyroclastic rocks, debris flows, breccias, and ...
Caldera, Chile - Gallery
... Bahía Inglesa Orbicular granite from Orbicular Granite Nature Sanctuary, near Caldera Blossoming desert near Caldera, 2005 Blossoming desert in 2005 ...
Little Walker Caldera
... Little Walker Caldera is a depression in the eastern Sierra Nevada that is adjacent to the Sweetwater Mountains ... The caldera is very large, measuring about 18 kilometres (11 mi) in diameter ... The Little Walker Caldera is named for the Little Walker River it is the river that is little, not the caldera ...