Breastfeeding - Weaning

Weaning

Weaning is the process of introducing the infant to other food and reducing the supply of breast milk. The infant is fully weaned when it no longer receives any breast milk. Most mammals stop producing the enzyme lactase at the end of weaning, and become lactose intolerant. Humans often have a mutation, with frequency depending primarily on ethnic background, that allows the production of lactase throughout life so they can drink milk — usually cow or goat milk — well beyond infancy. In humans, the psychological factors involved in the weaning process are crucial for both mother and infant as issues of closeness and separation are very prominent during this stage.

In the past bromocriptine was in some countries frequently used to reduce the engorgement experienced by many women during weaning. This is now done only in exceptional cases as it causes frequent side effects, offers very little advantage over non-medical management and the possibility of serious side effects can not be ruled out. Other medications such as cabergoline, lisuride or birth control pills may occasionally be used as lactation suppressants.

Read more about this topic:  Breastfeeding

Other articles related to "weaning":

Puerperal Mastitis - Weaning
... Breast engorgement or mastitis occur frequently after weaning ... related hormones usually return to normal levels shortly after weaning but for some women it can take several months and there is an increased risk of rebound ... Most cases of post weaning mastitis or breast engorgement resolve with relatively little treatment ...
Kokkoh - Uses
... Kokkoh is recommended as both a substitute for mother's milk and a means of weaning infants from it ... When used solely for weaning, it is recommended that kokkoh be introduced at between 8 months and a year of age ... Along with its use as a means of weaning, kokkoh is a common breakfast food among macrobiotic eaters of all ages ...
Baby-led Weaning
... Baby-led weaning (often also referred to as BLW) is a method of adding complementary foods to a baby's diet of breastmilk ... Baby-led weaning allows babies to control their solid food consumption by "self-feeding" from the very beginning of their experiences with food ... The term weaning should not be taken to imply giving up breastmilk, but simply the introduction of foods other than breastmilk ...
Methods and Considerations - Duration of Breastfeeding
... These movements in the West towards earlier weaning, however, are recent ... history, the acceptance of unrestricted nursing decreased and the age acceptable for weaning dropped dramatically, until the average weaning age was 3 months in the ...
Weaning in Other Mammals
... mice in a controlled environment, the weaning is defined as the moment when the pups are transferred out of the mothers' cage ... Weaning is recommended at 3 to 4 weeks after parturition ...