Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts (i.e., via lactation) rather than from a baby bottle or other container. Babies have a sucking reflex that enables them to suck and swallow milk. Many specialists recommend mothers exclusively breastfeed for six months or more, without the addition of infant formula or solid food. There are conflicting views about how long exclusive breastfeeding remains beneficial.

After the addition of solid food, mothers are advised to continue breastfeeding for at least a year. The World Health Organization recommends nursing for at least two years or more. Human breast milk is the healthiest form of milk for babies. Breastfeeding promotes health and helps to prevent disease. Experts agree that breastfeeding is beneficial and have concerns about the effects of artificial formulas. Artificial feeding is associated with more deaths from diarrhea in infants in both developing and developed countries. There are few exceptions, such as when the mother is taking certain drugs or is infected with human T-lymphotropic virus, or has active untreated tuberculosis. In developed countries with access to infant formula and clean drinking water, maternal HIV infection is an absolute contraindication to breastfeeding (regardless of maternal HIV viral load or antiretroviral treatment) due to the risk for mother-to-child HIV transmission.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) emphasize the value of breastfeeding for mothers as well as children. Both recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life. The AAP recommends that this be followed by supplemented breastfeeding for at least one year, while WHO recommends that supplemented breastfeeding continue two years or more. While recognizing the superiority of breastfeeding, regulating authorities also work to minimize the risks of artificial feeding.

Read more about Breastfeeding:  Breast Milk, Benefits For The Infant, Connection To Intelligence, Benefits For Mothers, Methods and Considerations, Diet During Breastfeeding, Healthy Infant Growth, Weaning, History, Sociological Factors, Role of Marketing

Other articles related to "breastfeeding":

Amy Spangler - Career
... Spangler published her first book "Breastfeeding A Parent’s Guide" in 1985 ... "Breastfeeding A Parent’s Guide" is now in its 9th edition ... has also published two subsequent books "Breastfeeding Keep It Simple" and "Breastfeeding Your Guide To A Healthy, Happy Baby" in 2000 and 2004 respectively ...
Lactation Room - Resources
... A variety of resources exist for breastfeeding mother and employers on how to establish and promote a lactation room or lactation support program ... and Human Services’ Blueprint for Action on Breastfeeding US Dept ... Health Bureau is currently developing a toolkit to promote breastfeeding in the workplace called “The Business Case for Breastfeeding” ...
Amy Spangler - Academic Bibliography
... The Effect of Modified Lanolin on Nipple Pain/Damage During the First Ten Days of Breastfeeding, International Journal of Childbirth Education Vol. 179–180.*Kerkhoff KG and Spangler AK Breastfeeding Twins and Higher-order Multiples ... and Spangler AK Evidence-Based Guidelines for Breastfeeding Management during the First Fourteen Days ...
Amy Spangler
... Amy Spangler is a breastfeeding expert and president of baby gooroo who has lectured extensively and published several books on breastfeeding ... She has also served as an "expert" contributor to Breastfeeding.com and as a member of their professional advisory board ...
Breastfeeding - Role of Marketing
... Controversy has arisen over the marketing of breast milk vs ... formula particularly how it affects the education of mothers in third world countries and their comprehension (or lack thereof) of the health benefits of breastfeeding ...