Biblical Criticism

Biblical criticism is the scholarly "study and investigation of biblical writings that seeks to make discerning judgments about these writings." Viewing biblical texts as having human rather than supernatural origins, it asks when and where a particular text originated; how, why, by whom, for whom, and in what circumstances it was produced; what influences were at work in its production; what sources were used in its composition; and what message it was intended to convey. It will vary slightly depending on whether the focus is on the Old Testament, the letters of New Testament or the Canonical gospels. It also plays an important role in the quest for a Historical Jesus.

It also addresses the physical text, including the meaning of the words and the way in which they are used, its preservation, history and integrity. Biblical criticism draws upon a wide range of scholarly disciplines including archaeology, anthropology, folklore, linguistics, Oral Tradition studies, and historical and religious studies.

Read more about Biblical CriticismBackground, History, Methods and Perspectives, Notable Biblical Scholars

Other articles related to "biblical criticism, criticism, biblical":

William Robertson Smith - Published Works - Books: Annotated - The Old Testament in The Jewish Church
... A course of lectures on biblical criticism (Edinburgh A ... addresses the Christian believer who opposes higher criticism of the Old Testament, considering that it will reduce the Bible to rational historical terms and omit the supernatural ... first importance for the reader to realize that Biblical Criticism is not the invention of modern scholars, but the legitimate interpretation of historical facts." The result ...
Tim Callahan - Biblical Criticism
... those of the Celtic, Teutonic and Slavic peoples, Callahan wrote two books of biblical criticism ... mythology and archaeology to place Biblical stories and themes in the context of other ancient mythic systems and discusses the relatively recent arrival of monotheistic faiths such as ... stitched together and elaborated from much earlier myths, Callahan criticizes the doctrine of Biblical inerrancy espoused by theologians such as Gleason Archer, Jr ...
Criticism Of Christianity - Scripture - Biblical Criticism
... See also Biblical criticism, The Bible and History, and Internal consistency and the Bible Biblical criticism, in particular higher criticism, covers a variety of ... mainline and liberal Christian theologians to study the meaning of Biblical passages ... There are four primary types of Biblical criticism form, traditional, higher and lower criticism ...
Biblical Criticism - Notable Biblical Scholars
... Professor at Johns Hopkins University and the founding father of American biblical archaeology Albrecht Alt (1883–1956) prominent in early debates about the religion of the biblical patriarchs he was ... Jean Astruc (1684-1776) early French biblical critic, who adapted source criticism to the study of Genesis ... Frank Moore Cross (1921-) American biblical scholar and Harvard University Professor notable for his interpretations of the Deuteronomistic History, the Pentateuch, and the Dead Sea Scrolls, as well ...

Famous quotes containing the word criticism:

    Of all the cants which are canted in this canting world—though the cant of hypocrites may be the worst—the cant of criticism is the most tormenting!
    Laurence Sterne (1713–1768)